52. Surah At-Tur

2. Wa kitaabim mastoor

وَكِتَابٍ مَسْطُورٍ

By a Decree inscribed
Full Transliteration
1. Wat-Toor
2. Wa kitaabim mastoor
3. Fee raqqim manshoor
4. Wal baitil ma'moor
5. Wassaqfil marfoo'
6. Wal bahril masjoor
7. Inna 'azaaba Rabbika lawaaqi'
8. Maa lahoo min daafi'
9. Yawma tamoorus samaaa'u mawraa
10. Wa taseerul jibaalu sairaa
11. Fawailuny yawma 'izil lil mukaazzibeen
12. Allazeena hum fee khawdiny yal'aboon
13. Yawma yuda'-'oona ilaa naari jahannama da'-'aa
14. Haazihin naarul latee kuntum bihaa tukazziboon
15. Afasihrun haazaaaa am antum laa tubsiroon
16. Islawhaa fasbirooo aw laa tasbiroo sawaaa'un 'alaikum innamaa tujzawna maa kuntum ta'maloon
17. Innal muttaqeena fee jannaatinw wa na'eem
18. Faakiheena bimaaa aataahum rabbuhum wa waqaahum rabbuhum 'azaabal jaheem
19. Kuloo washraboo haneee 'am bimaa kuntum ta'maloon
20. Muttaki'eena 'alaa sururim masfoofatinw wa zawwaj naahum bihoorin 'een
21. Wallazeena aamanoo wattaba'at hum zurriyyatuhum bieemaanin alhaqnaa bihim zurriyyatahum wa maaa alatnaahum min 'amalihim min shai'; kullum ri'im bimaa kasaba raheen
22. Wa amdadnaahum bifaa kihatinw wa lahmim mimmaa yashtahoon
23. Yatanaaza'oona feehaa kaasal laa laghwun feehaa wa laa taaseem
24. Wa yatoofu 'alaihim ghilmaanul lahum ka annahum lu'lu'um maknoon
25. Wa aqbala ba'duhum 'alaa ba'diny yatasaaa'aloon
26. Qaalooo innaa kunnaa qablu feee ahlinaa mushfiqeen
27. Famannnal laahu 'alainaa wa waqaanaa 'azaabas samoom
28. Innaa kunnaa min qablu nad'oohu innahoo huwal barrur raheem
29. Fazakkir famaaa anta bini'mati rabbika bikaahininw wa laa majnoon
30. Am yaqooloona shaa'irun natarabbasu bihee raibal manoon
31. Qul tarabbasoo fa innee ma'akum minal mutarabbiseen
32. Am taamuruhum ahlaamuhum bihaazaaa am hum qawmun taaghoon
33. Am yaqooloona taqawwalah; bal laa yu'minoon
34. Falyaatoo bihadeesim misliheee in kaanoo saadiqeen
35. Am khuliqoo min ghairi shai'in am humul khaaliqoon
36. Am khalaqus samaawaati wal ard; bal laa yooqinoon
37. Am'indahum khazaaa'inu rabbika am humul musaitiroon
38. Am lahum sullamuny yastami'oona feehi falyaati mustami'uhum bisultaanim mubeen
39. Am lahul banaatu wa lakumul banoon
40. Am tas'aluhum ajran fahum mim maghramim musqaloon
41. Am 'indahumul ghaibu fahum yaktuboon
42. Am yureedoona kaidan fallazeena kafaroo humul makeedoon
43. Am lahum ilaahun ghairul laa; subhaanal laahi 'ammaa yushrikoon
44. Wa iny yaraw kisfam minas samaaa'i saaqitany yaqooloo sahaabum markoom
45. Fazarhum hatta yulaaqoo yawmahumul lazee feehi yus'aqoon
46. Yawma laa yughnee 'anhum kaiduhum shai'anw wa laa hum yunsaroon
47. Wa inna lillazeena zalamoo 'azaaban doona zalika wa laakinna aksarahum laa ya'lamoon
48. Wasbir lihukmi rabbika fa innaka bi-a'yuninaa wa sabbih bihamdi rabbika heena taqoom
49. Wa minal laili fasabbihhu wa idbaaran nujoom
Audio: English
Audio: Arabic & English

Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy

Tafseer


It is derived from the very first cord "Wat Tur-i."

Period of Revelation
From the internal evidence of the subject matter it appears that this Surah too was revealed in the same stage of the Holy Prophet's life at Makkah in which the Surah Adh-Dhariyat was revealed. While going through it one can clearly feel that during the period of its revelation the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was being showered with objections and accusations but there is no evidence yet to show that severe persecution of the Muslims had started.

Subject Matter and Topics
The subject matter of its first section (vv. 1-28) is the Hereafter. As arguments for its possibility, necessity and occurrence had already been given in Surah Adh-Dhariyat, these have not been repeated here. However, swearing an oath by some realities and signs which testify to the Hereafter, it has been stated most emphatically that it will surely come to pass, and none has the power to prevent its occurrence. Then, it has been stated as to what will be the fate of those who deny it when it actually occurs, and how will those who believe in it and adopt the way of piety and righteousness accordingly, be blessed by Allah.

Then, in the second section (vv. 29-49) the Quraish chiefs' attitude towards the message of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah he upon him) has been criticized. They called him a sorcerer, a madman, or a poet, and would thus mislead the common people against him so that they should not pay any serious attention to the message he preached. They looked upon him as a calamity that had suddenly descended on them and would openly wish that he met with a disaster so that they were rid of him. They accused him of fabricating the Qur'an by himself and of presenting it in the name of Allah, and this was, God forbid, a fraud that he was practicing. They would often taunt him, saying that God could not have appointed an ordinary man like him to the office of Prophethood. They expressed great disgust at his invitation and message and would avoid him as if he was asking them for a reward for it. They would sit and take counsels together to devise schemes in order to put an end to his mission. And while they did all this they never realized what creeds of ignorance they were involved in and how selflessly and sincerely was Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) exerting himself to deliver them from their error. While criticizing them for this attitude and conduct, Allah has put them certain questions, one after the other, each of which is either an answer to some objection of theirs, or a criticism of some error. Then, it has been said that it would absolutely be of no avail to show them a miracle in order to convince them of his Prophethood, for they were such stubborn people as would misinterpret anything they were shown only to avoid affirming the faith.

In the beginning of this section as well as in its end, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has been given the instruction that he should persistently continue giving his invitation and preaching his message in spite of the accusations and objections of his opponents and enemies, and should endure their resistance patiently till Allah's judgment comes to pass. Besides, he has been consoled, as if to say "Your Lord has not left you alone to face your enemies, after raising you as a Prophet, but He is constantly watching over you. Therefore, endure every hardship patiently till the Hour of His judgment comes, and seek through praising and glorifying your Lord the power that is required for exerting in the cause of Allah under such conditions.