51. Surah Adh-Dhariyat

1. Waz-zaariyaati zarwaa

وَالذَّارِيَاتِ ذَرْوًا

By the (Winds) that scatter broadcast;
Full Transliteration
1. Waz-zaariyaati zarwaa
2. Falhaamilaati wiqraa
3. Faljaariyaati yusraa
4. Falmuqassimaati amraa
5. Innamaa too'adoona la-saadiq
6. Wa innad deena la waaqi'
7. Wassamaaa'i zaatil hubuk
8. Innakum lafee qawlim mukhtalif
9. Yu'faku 'anhu man ufik
10. Qutilal kharraasoon
11. Allazeena hum fee ghamratin saahoon
12. Yas'aloona ayyaana yawmud Deen
13. Yawma hum 'alan naari yuftanoon
14. Zooqoo fitnatakum haa zal lazee kuntum bihee tas ta'jiloon
15. Innal muttaqeena fee jannaatinw wa 'uyoon
16. Aakhizeena maaa aataahum Rabbuhum; innahum kaanoo qabla zaalika muhsineen
17. kaanoo qaleelam minal laili maa yahja'oon
18. Wa bil as haari hum yastaghfiroon
19. Wa feee amwaalihim haqqul lissaaa'ili walmahroom
20. Wa fil ardi aayaatul lilmooqineen
21. Wa feee anfusikum; afalaa tubsiroon
22. Wa fissamaaa'i rizqukum wa maa too'adoon
23. Fawa Rabbis samaaa'i wal ardi innahoo lahaqqum misla maa annakum tantiqoon
24. Hal ataaka hadeesu daifi Ibraaheemal mukrameen
25. Iz dakhaloo 'alaihi faqaaloo salaaman qaala salaamun qawmum munkaroon
26. Faraagha ilaaa ahlihee fajaaa'a bi'ijlin sameen
27. Faqarrabahooo ilaihim qaala alaa taakuloon
28. Fa awjasa minhum khee fatan qaaloo laa takhaf wa bashsharoohu bighulaamin 'aleem
29. Fa aqbalatim ra-atuhoo fee sarratin fasakkat wajhahaa wa qaalat 'ajoozun 'aqeem
30. Qaaloo kazaaliki qaala Rabbuki innahoo huwal hakeemul 'aleem (End Juz 26)
31. Qaala famaa khatbukum ayyuhal mursaloon
32. Qaalooo innaaa ursilnaaa ilaa qawmim mujrimeen
33. Linursila 'alaihim hijaa ratam min teen
34. Musawwamatan 'inda rabbika lilmusrifeen
35. Fa akhrajnaa man kaana feehaa minal mu'mineen
36. Famaa wajadnaa feehaa ghaira baitim minal muslimeen
37. Wa taraknaa feehaaa aayatal lillazeena yakhaafoonal 'azaabal aleem
38. Wa fee Moosaaa iz arsalnaahu ilaa Fir'awna bisultaa nim mubeen
39. Fatawalla biruknihee wa qaala saahirun aw majnoon
40. Fa akhaznaahu wa junoo dahoo fanabaznaahum fil yammi wa huwa muleem
41. Wa fee 'Aadin iz arsalnaa 'alaihimur reehal'aqeem
42. Maa tazaru min shai'in atat 'alaihi illaa ja'alat hu karrameem
43. Wa fee Samooda iz qeela lahum tamatta''oo hattaa heen
44. Fa'ataw 'an amri Rabbihim fa akhazat humus saa'iqatu wa hum yanzuroon
45. Famas tataa'oo min qiyaaminw wa maa kaanoo muntasireen
46. Wa qawma Noohim min qablu innahum kaano qawman faasiqeen
47. Wassamaaa'a banainaa haa bi aydinw wa innaa lamoosi'oon
48. Wal arda farashnaahaa fani'mal maahidoon
49. Wa min kulli shai'in khalaqnaa zawjaini la'allakum tazakkaroon
50. Fafirrooo ilal laahi innee lakum minhu nazeerum mubeen
51. Wa laa taj'aloo ma'al laahi ilaahan aakhara innee lakum minhu nazeerum mubeen
52. Kazaalika maaa atal lazeena min qablihim mir Rasoolin illaa qaaloo saahirun aw majnoon
53. Atawaasaw bih; bal hum qawmun taaghoon
54. Fatawalla 'anhum famaaa anta bimaloom
55. Wa zakkir fa innaz zikraa tanfa'ul mu'mineen
56. Wa maa khalaqtul jinna wal insa illaa liya'budoon
57. Maaa ureedu minhum mir rizqinw wa maaa ureedu anyyut'imoon
58. Innal laaha Huwar Razzaaqu Zul Quwwatil Mateen
59. Fa inna lillazeena zalamoo zanoobam misla zanoobi ashaabihim falaa yasta'jiloon
60. Fawailul lillazeena kafaroo miny yawmihimul lazee yoo'adoon
Audio: English
Audio: Arabic & English

Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy

Tafseer


It is derived from the very first word wadh-dhariyat, which implies that it is a Surah which begins with the word adh-dhariyat.

Period of Revelation
The subject matter and the style clearly show that it was sent down in the period when although the Holy Prophet's invitation was being resisted and opposed with denial and ridicule and false accusations stubbornly, persecution had not yet started. Therefore, this Surah also seems to have been revealed in the same period in which the Surah Qaf was revealed.

Subject Matter and Topics
The Surah mostly deals with the Hereafter, and in the end it presents the invitation to Tauhid. In addition, the people have also been warned that refusal to accept the message of the Prophets and persistence in the concepts and creeds of ignorance have proved to be disastrous for those nations themselves which have adopted this attitude and way of life in the past.

About the Hereafter what this Surah presents in short but pithy sentences is this: The people's different and conflicting beliefs about the end of human life are themselves an express proof that none of these beliefs and creeds is based on knowledge; everyone by himself has formed an ideology on the basis of conjecture and made the same his creed. Someone thought that there would be no life-after-death; someone believed in the life- after-death, but in the form of the transmigration of souls someone believed in the life hereafter and the meting out of the rewards and punishments but invented different sorts of props and supports to escape retribution. About a question of such vital and fundamental importance a wrong view of which renders man's whole life-work wrong and waste and ruins his future for ever, it would be a disastrous folly to build an ideology only on the basis of speculation and conjecture, without knowledge. It would mean that man should remain involved in a grave misunderstanding, pass his whole life in the heedlessness of error, and after death should suddenly meet with a situation for which he had made no preparation at all. There is only one way of forming the right opinion about such a question, and it is this: Man should seriously ponder over the knowledge about the Hereafter that the Prophet of Allah is conveying to him from Him, and should study carefully the system of the earth and heavens and his own existence: and should see whether the evidence of that knowledge's being sound and correct is afforded by everything around him or not. In this regard, the arrangement of the wind and rain, the structure of the earth and the creatures found on it, man's own self, the creation of the heavens and of everything in the world in the form of pairs have been presented as evidence of the Hereafter, and instances have been cited from human history to show that the temper of the empire of the Universe requires that the law of retribution must operate here.

After this, giving the invitation to Tauhid briefly, it has been said : "Your Creator has not created you for the service of others but for His own service. He is not like your false gods, which receive sustenance from you and godhead of which cannot function without your help, but He is a God Who is the Sustainer of all, Who does not stand in need of sustenance from anyone and Whose Godhead is functioning by His own power and might.

In this very connection, it has also been stated that whenever the Prophets of Allah have been opposed and resisted, they have not been opposed and resisted on the basis of any rational ground but on the basis of the same obduracy and stubbornness and false pride that is being shown against the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and there is no other motive for it than rebellion and arrogance. Then the Holy Prophet has been instructed not to bother about the rebels but to go on performing his mission of invitation and admonition, for it is useful and beneficial for the believers although it may not be so for the other people. As for the wicked people who still persist in their rebellion, they should know that their predecessors who followed the same way of life, have already received their shares of the punishment, and these people's share of the punishment has been made ready for them.