10. Surah Yunus

1. Alif-Laaam-Raa; tilka Aayaatul Kitaabil Hakeem

الر ۚ تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْحَكِيمِ

A.L.R. These are the ayats of the Book of Wisdom.
Full Transliteration
1. Alif-Laaam-Raa; tilka Aayaatul Kitaabil Hakeem
2. 'A kaana linnaasi 'ajaaban 'an 'awhainaaa 'ilaa rajulin minhum 'an anzirin naasa wa bashshiril lazeena 'aamanoo 'anna lahum qadama sidqin 'inda Rabbihim; qaalal kaafiroona 'inna haazaa la saahirun mubeen
3. Inna Rabbakumul laahul lazee khalaqas samaawaati wal arda fee sittati aiyaamin thummas tawaa 'alal 'Arshi yudabbirul amra maa min shafee'in illaa min ba'di iznih; zalikumul laahu Rabbukum fa'budooh; afalaa tazakkaroon
4. Ilaihi marji'ukum jamee 'anw wa'dal laahi haqqaa; innahoo yabda'ul khalqa thumma yu'eeduhoo liyajziyal lazeena aamanoo wa 'amilus saalihaati bilqist; wallazeena kafaroo lahum sharaabun min hamee minw wa 'azaabun 'aleemun bimaa kaanoo yakfuroon
5. Huwal lazee ja'alash shamsa diyaaa'anw walqamara nooranw wa qaddarahoo manaazila li ta'lamoo 'adadas sineena walhisaab; maa khalaqal laahu zaalika illa bilhaqq; yufassilul aayaati li qawminy ya'lamoon
6. Inna fikh tilaafil laili wannahaari wa maa khalaqal laahu fis samaawaati wal ardi la aayaatin liqawminy yattaqoon
7. Innal lazeena laa yarjoona liqaaa'anaa wa radoo bilhayaatid dunyaa watma' annoo bihaa wallazeena hum 'an Aayaatinaa ghaafiloon
8. Ulaaa'ika ma'waahumun Naaru bimaa kaanoo yaksiboon
9. Innal lazeena aamanoo wa 'amilus saalihaati yahdeehim Rabbuhum bi eemaanihim tajree min tahtihimul anhaaru fee jannaatin Na'eem
10. Da'waahum feehaa Subhaanakal laahumma wa tahiyyatuhum feehaa salaam; wa aakhiru da'waahum anil hamdu lillaahi Rabbil 'aalameen (section 1)
11. Wa law yu'ajjilul laahu linnaasish sharra sti' jaalahum bil khairi laqudiya ilaihim 'ajaluhum fa nazarul lazeena laa yarjoona liqaaa'anaa fee tughyaanihim ya'mahoon
12. Wa izaa massal insaanad durru da'aanaa li jambiheee aw qaa'idan aw qaaa'iman falammaa kashafnaa 'anhu durrahoo marra ka an lam yad'unaaa ilaa durrin massah; kazaalika zuyyina lilmusrifeena maa kaanoo ya'maloon
13. Wa laqad ahlaknal quroona min qablikum lammaa zalamoo wa jaaa'at hum Rusuluhum bil baiyinaati wa maa kaanoo liyu'minoo; kazaalika najzil qawmal mujrimeen
14. Thumma ja'alnaakum khalaaa'ifa fil ardi min ba'dihim li nanzura kaifa ta'maloon
15. Wa izaa tutlaa 'alaihim aayaatunaa baiyinaatin qaalal lazeena laa yarjoona liqaaa'a na'ti bi Qur'aanin ghairi haazaaa aw baddilh; qul maa yakoonu leee 'an 'ubaddilahoo min tilqaaa'i nafsee in attabi'u illaa maa yoohaaa ilaiya inneee akhaafu in 'asaytu Rabbee 'azaaba Yawmin 'Azeem
16. Qul law shaaa'al laahu maa talawtuhoo 'alaikum wa laaa adraakum bihee faqad labistu feekum 'umuran min qablih; afalaa ta'qiloon
17. Faman azlamu mimmanif taraa 'alal laahi kaziban aw kazzaba bi Aayaatih; innahoo laa yuflihul mujrimoon
18. Wa ya'budoona min doonil laahi maa laa yadurruhum wa laa yanfa'uhum wa yaqooloona haaa'ulaaa'i shufa'aaa 'unaa 'indal laah; qul 'a tunabbi 'oonal laaha bi maa laa ya'lamu fis samaawaati wa laa fil ard; subhaanahoo wa Ta'aalaa 'ammaa yushrikoon
19. Wa maa kaanan naasu illaaa ummatanw waahidatan fa khtalafoo; wa law laa kalimatun sabaqat mir Rabbika laqudiya bainahum fee maa feehi yakhtalifoon
20. Wa yaqooloona law laaa unzila 'alaihi aayatun mir Rabbihee faqul innamal ghaibu lillaahi fantaziroo innee ma'akum minal muntazireen (section 2)
21. Wa izaaa azaqnan naasa rahmatan min ba'di darraaa'a massat hum izaa lahum makrun feee aayaatinaa; qulil laahu asra'u makraa; inna rusulanaa yaktuboona maa tamkuroon
22. Huwal lazee yusayyirukum fil barri walbahri hattaaa izaa kuntum fil fulki wa jaraina bihim bi reehin tayyibatinw wa farihoo bihaa jaaa'at haa reehun 'aasifunw wa jaaa'ahumul mawju min kulli makaaninw wa zannooo 'annahum 'uheeta bihim da'a wullaaha mukhliseena lahud deena la'in anjaitanaa min haazihee la nakoonanna minash shaakireen
23. Falammaaa anjaahum izaa hum yabghoona fil ardi bighairil haqq; yaaa aiyuhannaasu innamaa bagh yukum 'alaaa anfusikum mataa'al hayaatid dunyaa thumma ilainaa marji'ukum fanunabbi 'ukum bimaa kuntum ta'maloon
24. Innamaa masalul hayaatid dunyaa ka maaa'in anzalnaahu minas samaaa'i fakhtalata bihee nabaatul ardi mimmaa ya'kulun naasu wal an'aam; hattaaa izaaa akhazatil ardu zukhrufahaa wazzayyanat wa zanna ahluhaaa annahum qaadiroona 'alaihaaa ataahaaa amrunaa lailan aw nahaaran faja'alnaahaa haseedan ka 'an lam taghna bil-ams; kazaalika nufassilul aayaati liqawminy yatafakkaroon
25. Wallaahu yad'ooo ilaa daaris salaami wa yahdee many yashaaa'u ilaa Siraatin Mustaqeem
26. Lil lazeena ahsanul husnaa wa ziyaadatunw wa laa yarhaqu wujoohahum qatarunw wa laa zillah; ulaaa'ika ashaabul jannati hum feehaa khaalidoon
27. Wallazeena kasabus saiyi aati jazaaa'u saiyi'atin bimislihaa wa tarhaquhum zillah; maa lahum minal laahi min 'aasimin ka annamaaa ughshiyat wujoohuhum qita'an minal laili muzlimaa; ulaaa'ika Ashaabun Naari hum feeha khaalidoon
28. Wa yawma nahshuruhum jamee'an thumma naqoolu lil lazeena ashrakoo makaanakum antum wa shurakaaa'ukum; fazaiyalnaa bainahum wa qaala shurakaaa'uhum maa kuntum iyyaanaa ta'budoon
29. Fakafaa billaahi shaheedan bainanaa wa bainakum in kunnaa 'an 'ibaadatikum laghaafileen
30. Hunaalika tabloo kullu nafsin maaa 'aslafat; wa ruddoo ilal laahi mawlaahumul haqqi wa dalla 'anhum maa kaanoo yaftaroon (section 3)
31. Qul mai yarzuqukum minas samaaa'i wal ardi ammany yamlikus sam'a wal absaara wa mai yukhrijul haiya minal maiyiti wa yukhrijul maiyita minal haiyi wa mai yudabbirul amr; fasa yaqooloonal laah; faqul afalaa tattaqoon
32. Fazaalikumul laahu Rabbukumul haqq; famaazaa ba'dal haqqi illad dalaalu fa anna tusrafoon
33. Kazaalika haqqat Kalimatu Rabbika 'alal lazeena fasaqooo annahum laa yu'minoon
34. Qul hal min shurakaaa 'ikum mai yabda'ul khalqa thumma yu'eeduh; qulil laahu yabda'ul khalqa thumma yu'eeduhoo fa annaa tu'fakoon
35. Qul hal min shurakaaa 'ikum mai yahdeee ilal haqq; qulil laahu yahdee lilhaqq; afamai yahdeee ilal haqqi ahaqqu ai yuttaba'a ammal laa yahiddeee illaaa ai yuhdaa famaa lakum kaifa tahkumoon
36. Wa maa yattabi'u aksaruhum illaa zannaa; innaz zanna laa yughnee minal haqqi shai'aa; innal laaha 'Aleemun bimaa yaf'aloon
37. Wa maa kaana haazal Qur'aanu ai yuftaraa min doonil laahi wa laakin tasdeeqal lazee baina yadaihi wa tafseelal Kitaabi laa raiba fee mir Rabbil 'aalameen
38. 'Am yaqooloonaf taraahu qul fa'too bi sooratin mislihee wad'oo manis tata'tum min doonil laahi in kuntum saadiqeen
39. Bal kazzaboo bimaa lam yuheetoo bi'ilmihee wa lammaa ya'tihim ta'weeluh; kazaalika kazzabal lazeena min qablihim fanzur kaifa kaana 'aaqibatuz zaalimeen
40. Wa minhum mai yu 'minu bihee wa minhum mal laa yu'minu bih; wa Rabbuka a'lamu bilmufsideen (section 4)
41. Wa in kazzabooka faqul lee 'amalee wa lakum 'amalukum antum bareee'oona mimmaaa a'malu wa ana bareee'um mimmaa ta'maloon
42. Wa minhum mai yastami'oona iliak; afa anta tusmi'us summa wa law kaanoo laa ya'qiloon
43. Wa minhum mai yanzuru ilaik; afa anta tahdil 'umya wa law kaanoo laa yubsiroon
44. Innal laaha laa yazlimun naasa shai'anw wa laakin nannaasa anfusahum yazlimoon
45. Wa Yawma yahshuruhum ka 'an lam yalbasooo illaa saa'atan minan nahaari yata'aarafoona bainahum; qad khasiral lazeena kazzaboo bi liqaaa'il laahi wa maa kaanoo muhtadeen
46. Wa imma nuriyannaka ba'dal lazee na'iduhum aw natawaffayannaka fa ilainaa marji'uhum thummal laahu shaheedun 'alaa maa yaf'aloon
47. Wa likulli ummatir Rasoolun fa izaa jaaa'a Rasooluhum qudiya bainahum bilqisti wa hum laa yuzlamoon
48. Wa yaqooloona mataa haazal wa'du in kuntum saadiqeen
49. Qul laaa amliku linafsee darranw wa laa naf'an illaa maa shaaa'al laah; likulli ummatin ajalun izaa jaaa'a ajaluhumfa laaa yasta'khiroona saa'atanw wa laa yastaqdimoon
50. Qul 'a ra'aytum in ataakum 'azaabuhoo bayaatan aw nahaaran maazaa yasta'jilu minhul mujrimoon
51. 'A thumma izaa maa waqa'a aamantum bih; aaal 'aana wa qad kuntum bihee tasta'jiloon
52. Thumma qeela lil lazeena zalamoo zooqoo 'azaabal khuldi hal tujzawna illaa bimaa kuntum taksiboon
53. Wa yastanbi'oonaka 'a haqqun huwa qul ee wa Rabbeee innahoo lahaqq; wa maaa antum bimu'jizeen (section 5)
54. Wa law anna likulli nafsin zalamat maa fil ardi laftadat bih; wa asarrun nadaamata lammaa ra awul 'azaab, wa qudiya bainahum bilqist; wa hum laa yuzlamoon
55. Alaaa inna lillaahi maa fis samaawaati wal ard; alaaa inna wa'dal laahi haqqunw wa laakinna aksarahum laa ya'lamoon
56. Huwa yuhyee wa yumeetu wa ilaihi turja'oon
57. Yaaa aiyuhan naasu qad jaaa'atkum maw'izatun mir Rabbikum wa shifaaa'ul limaa fis sudoori wa hudanw wa rahmatul lil mu'mineen
58. Qul bi fadlil laahi wa bi rahmatihee fa bi zaalika fal yafrahoo huwa khairun mimmaa yajma'oon
59. Qul ara'aitum maaa anzalal laahu lakum mir rizqin faja'altum minhu haraamanw wa halaalan qul aaallaahu azina lakum; am 'alal laahi taftaroon
60. Wa maa zannul lazeena yaftaroona 'alal laahil kaziba Yawmal Qiyaamah; innal laaha lazoo fadlin 'alan naasi wa laakinna aksarahum laa yashkuroon (section 6)
61. Wa maa takoonu fee sha'ninw wa maa tatloo minhu min qur'aaninw wa laa ta'maloona min 'amalin illaa kunnaa 'alaikum shuhoodan iz tufeedoona feeh; wa maa ya'zubu 'ar Rabbika min misqaali zarratin fil ardi wa laa fis samaaa'i wa laaa asghara min zaalika wa laaa akbara illaa fee Kitaabin Mubeen
62. Alaa innaa awliyaaa'al laahi laa khawfun 'alaihim wa laa hum yahzanoon
63. Allazeena aamanoo wa kaanoo yattaqoon
64. Lahumul bushraa fil hayaatid dunyaa wa fil Aakhirah; laa tabdeela li kalimaatil laah; zaalika huwal fawzul 'azeem
65. Wa laa yahzunka qawluhum; innal 'izzata lillaahi jamee'aa; Huwas Samee'ul 'Aleem
66. Alaaa inna lillaahi man fis samaawaati wa man fil ard; wa maa yattabi'ul lazeena yad'oona min doonil laahi shurakaaa'; iny yattabi'oona illaz zanna wa in hum illaa yakhrusoon
67. Huwal lazee ja'ala lakumul laila litaskunoo feehi wannahaara mubsiraa; inna fee zaalika la Aayaatil li qawminy yasma'oon
68. Qaalut takhazal laahu waladan Subhaanahoo Huwal Ghaniyyu lahoo maa fis samaawaati wa maa fil ard; in 'indakum min sultaanin bihaazaaa; a' taqooloona 'al allaahi maa laa ta'lamoon
69. Qul innal lazeena yaftaroona 'al allaahil kaziba laa yuflihoon
70. Mataa'un fiddunyaa thumma ilainaa marji'uhum thumma nuzeequhumul 'azaabash shadeeda bimaa kaanoo yakfuroon(section 7)
71. Watlu 'alaihim naba-a-Noohin iz qaala liqawmihee yaa qawmi in kaana kabura 'alaikum maqaamee wa tazkeeree bi Aayaatil laahi fa'alal laahi tawakkaltu fa ajmi'ooo amrakum wa shurakaaa'akum thumma laa yakun amrukum 'alaikum ghummatan thummaq dooo ilaiya wa laa tunziroon
72. Fa in tawallaitum famaa sa altukum min ajrin; in ajriya illaa 'al allaahi wa umirtu an akoona minal muslimeen
73. Fa kazzaboohu fa najjainaahu wa man ma'ahoo fil fulki wa ja'alnaahum khalaaa'ifa wa aghraqnal lazeena kazzaboo bi aayaatinaa fanzur kaifa kaana 'aaqibatul munzareen
74. Thumma ba'asnaa min ba'dihee Rusulan ilaa qawmihim fajaaa'oohum bil baiyinaati famaa kaanoo liyu'minoo bimaa kazzaboo bihee min qabl; kazaalika natba'u 'alaa quloobil mu'tadeen
75. Thumma ba'asnaa min ba'dihim Moosaa Wa Haaroona ilaa Fir'awna wa mala'ihee bi aayaatinaa fastakbaroo wa kaanoo qawman mujrimeen
76. Falammaa jaaa'ahumul haqqu min 'indinaa qaalooo inna haazaa la sihrun mubeen
77. Qaalaa Moosaaa 'a taqooloona lil haqqi lammmaa jaaa'a kum 'a sihrun haazaa wa laa yuflihus saahiroon
78. Qaaloo aji'tanaa litalfitanaa 'ammaa wajadnaa 'alaihi aabaaa'anaa wa takoona lakumal kibriyaaa'u fil ardi wa maa nahnu lakumaa bi mu'mineen
79. Wa qaala Fir'awnu' toonee bikulli saahirin 'aleem
80. Falammaa jaaa'assa haratu qaala lahum Moosaaa alqoo maaa antum mulqoon
81. Falammaaa alqaw qaala Moosaa maa ji'tum bihis sihr; innal laaha sa yubtiluhoo; innal laaha laa yuslihu 'amalal mufsideen
82. Wa yuhiqqul laahul haqqa bi Kalimaatihee wa law karihal mujrimoon (section 8)
83. Famaaa aamana li-Moosaaa illaa zurriyyatun min qawmihee 'alaa khawfin min Fir'awna wa mala'ihim 'any yaftinahum; wa inna Fir'awna la'aalin fil ardi wa innahoo laminal musrifeen
84. Wa qaala Moosaa yaa qawmi in kuntum aamantum billaahi fa'alaihi tawakkalooo in kuntum muslimeen
85. Faqaaloo 'alal laahi tawakkalnaa Rabbanaa laa taj'alnaa fitnatal lilqawmiz zaalimeen
86. Wa najjinaa birahmatika minal qawmil kaafireen
87. Wa awhainaaa ilaa Moosaa wa akheehi an tabaw wa aali qawmikuma bi Misra buyootanw waj'aloo buyootakum qiblatanw wa aqeemus Salaah; wa bashshiril mu'mineen
88. Wa qaala Moosaa Rabbanaaa innaka aataita Fir'awna wa mala ahoo zeenatanw wa amwaalan fil hayaatid dunyaa Rabbanaa liyudillo 'ansabeelika Rabbanat mis 'alaaa amwaalihim washdud 'alaa quloobihim falaa yu'minoo hatta yarawul 'azaabal aleem
89. Qaala qad ujeebad da'watukumaa fastaqeemaa wa laa tattabi'aaanni sabeelal lazeena laa ya'lamoon
90. Wa jaawaznaa bi Baneee Israaa'eelal bahra fa atba'ahum Fir'awnu wa junooduhoo baghyanw wa 'adwaa; hattaaa izaaa adrakahul gharaqu qaala aamantu annahoo laaa ilaaha illal lazeee aamanat bihee Banooo Israaa'eela wa ana minal muslimeen
91. Aaal 'aana wa qad 'asaita qablu wa kunta minal mufsideen
92. Falyawma nunajjeeka bibadanika litakoona liman khalfaka Aayah; wa inna kaseeran minan naasi 'an aayaatinaa laghaafiloon (section 9)
93. Wa laqad bawwa'naa Baneee Israaa'eela mubawwa 'a sidqinw wa razaqnaahum minat taiyibaati fa makhtalafoo hattaa jaaa'ahmul 'ilm; inna Rabbaka yaqdee bainahum Yawmal Qiyaamati feemaa kaanoo feehi yakhtalifoon
94. Fa in kunta fee shakkin mimmaaa anzalnaaa ilaika fas'alil lazeena yaqra'oonal Kitaaba min qablik; laqad jaaa'akal haqqu mir Rabbika fa laa takoonanna minal mumtareen
95. Wa laa takoonanna minal lazeena kazzaboo bi Aayaatil laahi fatakoona minal khaasireen
96. Innal lazeena haqqat 'alaihim Kalimatu Rabbika laa yu'minoon
97. Wa law jaaa'at hum kullu Aayatin hattaa yarawul 'azaabal aleem
98. Falaw laa kaanat qaryatun aamanat fa nafa'ahaaa eemaanuhaaa illaa qawma Yoonusa lammaaa aamanoo kashafnaa 'anhum 'azaabal khizyi fil hayaatid dunyaa wa matta'naahum ilaa heen
99. Wa law shaaa'a Rabbuka la aamana man fil ardi kulluhum jamee'aa; afa anta tukrihun naasa hattaa yakoonoo mu'mineen
100. Wa maa kaana linafsin an tu'mina illaa bi iznil laah; wa yaj'alur rijsa 'alal lazeena laa ya'qiloon
101. Qulin zuroo maazaa fissamaawaati wal ard; wa maa tughnil Aayaatu wannuzuru 'an qawmil laa yu'minoon
102. Fahal yantaziroona illaa misla ayyaamil lazeena khalaw min qablihim; qul fantazirooo innee ma'akum minal muntazireen
103. Thumma nunajjee Ruslanaa wallazeena aamanoo; kazaalika haqqan 'alainaa nunjil mu'mineen (section 10)
104. Qul yaaa ayyuhan naasu in kuntum fee shakk-in min deenee fa laa a'budul lazeena ta'budoona min doonil laahi wa laakin a'budul laahal lazee yatawaffaakum wa umirtu an akoona minal mu'mineen
105. Wa an aqim wajhaka liddeeni Haneefanw wa laa takoonanna minal mushrikeen
106. Wa laa tad'u min doonil laahi maa laa yanfa'uka wa laa yadurruk; fa in fa'alta fa innaka izam minaz zaalimeen
107. Wa iny yamsaskal laahu bidurrin falaa kaashifa lahoo illaa hoo; wa iny yuridka bikhairin falaa raaadda lifadlih; yuseebu bihee many yashaaa'u min 'ibaadih; wa huwal Ghafoorur Raheem
108. Qul yaaa ayyuhan naasu qad jaaa'akumul haqqu mir Rabbikum; famanih tadaa fa innamaa yahtadee li nafsih; wa man dalla fa innamaa yadillu 'alaihaa; wa maaa ana 'alaikum bi wakeel
109. Wattabi' maa yoohaaa ilaika wasbir hattaa yahkumal laah; wa Huwa khairul haakimeen (section 11)
Audio: English
Audio: Arabic & English

Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy

Tafseer

By Abul A'la Maududi

 The Surah takes its name from V. 98, in which there is a reference to Prophet Yunus (Jonah). The name, as usual, is symbolical and does not indicate that the Surah deals with the story of Prophet Jonah.

Period of Revelation

We learn from traditions, and this is supported by the contents of the Surah itself, that the whole of this Surah was revealed at Makkah. But there are some people who are of the opinion, that some of its verses were revealed at Al-Madinah. This is, however, a superficial view. The continuity of the theme clearly shows that this does not comprise isolated verses or discourses that were revealed at different times and on different occasions. On the contrary, it is, from the beginning to the end, a closely connected discourse which must have been revealed at one sitting. Besides this, the nature of its theme is itself a clear proof that the Surah belongs to the Makkan period.
Time of Revelation

We have no tradition in regard to the time of it's revelation, but its subject matter gives clear indication that it must have been revealed during the last stage of the Holy Prophet's residence at Makkah. For the mode of the discourse suggests that at the time of its revelation, the antagonism of the opponents of the Message had become so intense that they could not tolerate even the presence of the Holy Prophet and his followers among themselves, and that things had come to such a pass as to leave no hope that they would ever understand and accept the Message of the Prophet. This indicates that the last stage of the Prophet's life among thee people had come, and the final warning like the one in this Surah had to be given. These characteristics of the discourse are clear proof that it was revealed during the last stage of the Movement at Makkah.

Another thing that determines more specifically the order of the Surahs of the last stage at Makkah is the mention (or absence) of some open or covert hint about Hijrat (Emigration) from Makkah. As this Surah does not contain any hint whatsoever about this, it is a proof that it preceded those surahs which contain it.

Now that we have specified the time of its revelation, there is no need of repeating its historical background because that has already been stated in Surahs VI and VII.
Subject

This discourse deals with the invitation to the Message, admonition and warning. In the very introductory verses, the invitation has been extended like this:-

"The people consider it a strange thing that this Message is being conveyed by a human being and charge him with sorcery, whereas there is nothing strange in it nor has it any connection with sorcery or sooth saying. It simply informs you of two realities. First, Allah, Who has created the universe and manages it, is, in fact, your Master and Lord, and He alone is entitled to your worship. The second reality is that after the life in this world, there will be another life in the Next World, where you shall have to render full account of the life of this world and be rewarded or punished according to whether you adopted the righteous attitude as required by Him after acknowledging Him as your Masters or acted against His will. Both of these realities, which the Messenger is presenting before you, are "realities" in themselves whether you acknowledge them as such or not. He is inviting you to accept these and regulate your lives in accordance with them; if you accept these, you will have a very blessed end; otherwise join shall meet with evil consequences."
Topics

After the introduction, the following topics have been dealt with in an appropriate order:-

Proofs of the doctrines of Tauhid, Providence and Life-after-death have been given by such arguments as may satisfy the minds and hearts of those who listen to the Message without prejudice and bigotry with the sole intention of safeguarding themselves against deviation and its evil results and not for the sake of seeking opportunities for useless discussions.

Those misunderstandings which were (and always are) hindering people from accepting the doctrines of Tauhid and the Hereafter, have been removed and they have been warned to guard against those negligences that stand in their way.

Those doubts have been removed and answers to those objections given which were being raised about the Prophethood of Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) and the Message brought by him.

Graphic descriptions of the life in the Hereafter have been presented in order to warn the people beforehand so that they should mend their ways here and be not sorry afterwards for their conduct in this world.

They have been admonished and warned that the life in this world is really a test and a trial, and that the time allowed for it is only up to the last moment of the earthly life, and that this is the only opportunity that shall be given to them for accepting the Message and achieving success in the test. Therefore, they should make the best use of the opportunity that has been provided for them by the appointment of Prophet Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) for their guidance and obtain the true knowledge of the Reality from the Quran that is being sent down to him. Otherwise, they shall be remorseful for ever and ever.

Their attention has been drawn to some of their acts of manifest ignorance and deviation which were the direct result of discarding Divine Guidance from their lives.

In this connection, the story of Prophet Noah has been related in brief and that of Prophet Moses in detail in order to impress four things on the minds :-

First, "As your behavior towards Prophet Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) is like that of the peoples of Prophet Noah and Prophet Moses towards them, you should know it for certain that you also shall meet with the same consequences which they met with." Secondly, "You should not be deluded into believing by the helpless and weak condition of the Prophet and his followers, you are witnessing today, that it will always remain like this. You should know that the same All-Powerful Allah Who supported Prophets Moses and Aaron, is supporting them and that He changes the circumstances in such a sudden and thorough manner that none can foresee it." Thirdly, "If you do not make use of the term that has been granted to you by Allah and mend your ways now, and postpone this to the last moment like followers of th Holy Prophet have been reassured that they should not lose heart because of the severity of the circumstances created by their opponents, especially at the time when they themselves were in an utterly helpless condition. They have also been given instructions as to how they should carry on their Mission under those harsh conditions. Moreover,they have been warned to be on their guard against the kind of behavior which was adopted by the Israelites, when they were rescued by Allah from the tyranny of the People of Pharaoh.

At the end of the Surah, the Holy Prophet has been commanded to make a declaration to this effect: "This is the Creed and this is the rule of conduct that has been prescribed for me by Allah: no change can be made at all in this: whoso will accept this will do so for his own good and whoso will reject this will do so at his own peril."