51. Surah Adh-Dhariyat

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem 
  1. Waz-zaariyaati zarwaa
  2. Falhaamilaati wiqraa
  3. Faljaariyaati yusraa
  4. Falmuqassimaati amraa
  5. Innamaa too'adoona la-saadiq
  6. Wa innad deena la waaqi'
  7. Wassamaaa'i zaatil hubuk
  8. Innakum lafee qawlim mukhtalif
  9. Yu'faku 'anhu man ufik
  10. Qutilal kharraasoon
  11. Allazeena hum fee ghamratin saahoon
  12. Yas'aloona ayyaana yawmud Deen
  13. Yawma hum 'alan naari yuftanoon
  14. Zooqoo fitnatakum haa zal lazee kuntum bihee tas ta'jiloon
  15. Innal muttaqeena fee jannaatinw wa 'uyoon
  16. Aakhizeena maaa aataahum Rabbuhum; innahum kaanoo qabla zaalika muhsineen
  17. kaanoo qaleelam minal laili maa yahja'oon
  18. Wa bil as haari hum yastaghfiroon
  19. Wa feee amwaalihim haqqul lissaaa'ili walmahroom
  20. Wa fil ardi aayaatul lilmooqineen
  21. Wa feee anfusikum; afalaa tubsiroon
  22. Wa fissamaaa'i rizqukum wa maa too'adoon
  23. Fawa Rabbis samaaa'i wal ardi innahoo lahaqqum misla maa annakum tantiqoon
  24. Hal ataaka hadeesu daifi Ibraaheemal mukrameen
  25. Iz dakhaloo 'alaihi faqaaloo salaaman qaala salaamun qawmum munkaroon
  26. Faraagha ilaaa ahlihee fajaaa'a bi'ijlin sameen
  27. Faqarrabahooo ilaihim qaala alaa taakuloon
  28. Fa awjasa minhum khee fatan qaaloo laa takhaf wa bashsharoohu bighulaamin 'aleem
  29. Fa aqbalatim ra-atuhoo fee sarratin fasakkat wajhahaa wa qaalat 'ajoozun 'aqeem
  30. Qaaloo kazaaliki qaala Rabbuki innahoo huwal hakeemul 'aleem (End Juz 26)
  31. Qaala famaa khatbukum ayyuhal mursaloon
  32. Qaalooo innaaa ursilnaaa ilaa qawmim mujrimeen
  33. Linursila 'alaihim hijaa ratam min teen
  34. Musawwamatan 'inda rabbika lilmusrifeen
  35. Fa akhrajnaa man kaana feehaa minal mu'mineen
  36. Famaa wajadnaa feehaa ghaira baitim minal muslimeen
  37. Wa taraknaa feehaaa aayatal lillazeena yakhaafoonal 'azaabal aleem
  38. Wa fee Moosaaa iz arsalnaahu ilaa Fir'awna bisultaa nim mubeen
  39. Fatawalla biruknihee wa qaala saahirun aw majnoon
  40. Fa akhaznaahu wa junoo dahoo fanabaznaahum fil yammi wa huwa muleem
  41. Wa fee 'Aadin iz arsalnaa 'alaihimur reehal'aqeem
  42. Maa tazaru min shai'in atat 'alaihi illaa ja'alat hu karrameem
  43. Wa fee Samooda iz qeela lahum tamatta''oo hattaa heen
  44. Fa'ataw 'an amri Rabbihim fa akhazat humus saa'iqatu wa hum yanzuroon
  45. Famas tataa'oo min qiyaaminw wa maa kaanoo muntasireen
  46. Wa qawma Noohim min qablu innahum kaano qawman faasiqeen
  47. Wassamaaa'a banainaa haa bi aydinw wa innaa lamoosi'oon
  48. Wal arda farashnaahaa fani'mal maahidoon
  49. Wa min kulli shai'in khalaqnaa zawjaini la'allakum tazakkaroon
  50. Fafirrooo ilal laahi innee lakum minhu nazeerum mubeen
  51. Wa laa taj'aloo ma'al laahi ilaahan aakhara innee lakum minhu nazeerum mubeen
  52. Kazaalika maaa atal lazeena min qablihim mir Rasoolin illaa qaaloo saahirun aw majnoon
  53. Atawaasaw bih; bal hum qawmun taaghoon
  54. Fatawalla 'anhum famaaa anta bimaloom
  55. Wa zakkir fa innaz zikraa tanfa'ul mu'mineen
  56. Wa maa khalaqtul jinna wal insa illaa liya'budoon
  57. Maaa ureedu minhum mir rizqinw wa maaa ureedu anyyut'imoon
  58. Innal laaha Huwar Razzaaqu Zul Quwwatil Mateen
  59. Fa inna lillazeena zalamoo zanoobam misla zanoobi ashaabihim falaa yasta'jiloon
  60. Fawailul lillazeena kafaroo miny yawmihimul lazee yoo'adoon

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Translators: Ahmed AliAmatul Rahman Omar Daryabadi Faridul Haque Hamid S. Aziz Maulana Mohammad AliPickthallSarwarShakirYusuf Ali

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
  1. By the (Winds) that scatter broadcast;
  2. And those that lift and bear away heavy weights;
  3. And those that flow with ease and gentleness;
  4. And those that distribute and apportion by Command;-
  5. Verily that which ye are promised is true;
  6. And verily Judgment and Justice must indeed come to pass.
  7. By the Sky with (its) numerous Paths,
  8. Truly ye are in a doctrine discordant,
  9. Through which are deluded (away from the Truth) such as would be deluded.
  10. Woe to the falsehood-mongers,-
  11. Those who (flounder) heedless in a flood of confusion:
  12. They ask, "When will be the Day of Judgment and Justice?"
  13. (It will be) a Day when they will be tried (and tested) over the Fire!
  14. "Taste ye your trial! This is what ye used to ask to be hastened!"
  15. As to the Righteous, they will be in the midst of Gardens and Springs,
  16. Taking joy in the things which their Lord gives them, because, before then, they lived a good life.
  17. They were in the habit of sleeping but little by night,
  18. And in the hour of early dawn, they (were found) praying for Forgiveness;
  19. And in their wealth and possessions (was remembered) the right of the (needy,) him who asked, and him who (for some reason) was prevented (from asking).
  20. On the earth are signs for those of assured Faith,
  21. As also in your own selves: Will ye not then see?
  22. And in heaven is your Sustenance, as (also) that which ye are promised.
  23. Then, by the Lord of heaven and earth, this is the very Truth, as much as the fact that ye can speak intelligently to each other.
  24. Has the story reached thee, of the honoured guests of Abraham?
  25. Behold, they entered his presence, and said: "Peace!" He said, "Peace!" (and thought, "These seem) unusual people."
  26. Then he turned quickly to his household, brought out a fatted calf,
  27. And placed it before them.. he said, "Will ye not eat?"
  28. (When they did not eat), He conceived a fear of them. They said, "Fear not," and they gave him glad tidings of a son endowed with knowledge.
  29. But his wife came forward (laughing) aloud: she smote her forehead and said: "A barren old woman!"
  30. They said, "Even so has thy Lord spoken: and He is full of Wisdom and Knowledge."
  31. (Abraham) said: "And what, O ye Messengers, is your errand (now)?"
  32. They said, "We have been sent to a people (deep) in sin;-
  33. "To bring on, on them, (a shower of) stones of clay (brimstone),
  34. "Marked as from thy Lord for those who trespass beyond bounds."
  35. Then We evacuated those of the Believers who were there,
  36. But We found not there any just (Muslim) persons except in one house:
  37. And We left there a Sign for such as fear the Grievous Penalty.
  38. And in Moses (was another Sign): Behold, We sent him to Pharaoh, with authority manifest.
  39. But (Pharaoh) turned back with his Chiefs, and said, "A sorcerer, or one possessed!"
  40. So We took him and his forces, and threw them into the sea; and his was the blame.
  41. And in the ´Ad (people) (was another Sign): Behold, We sent against them the devastating Wind:
  42. It left nothing whatever that it came up against, but reduced it to ruin and rottenness.
  43. And in the Thamud (was another Sign): Behold, they were told, "Enjoy (your brief day) for a little while!"
  44. But they insolently defied the Command of their Lord: So the stunning noise (of an earthquake) seized them, even while they were looking on.
  45. Then they could not even stand (on their feet), nor could they help themselves.
  46. So were the People of Noah before them for they wickedly transgressed.
  47. With power and skill did We construct the Firmament: for it is We Who create the vastness of pace.
  48. And We have spread out the (spacious) earth: How excellently We do spread out!
  49. And of every thing We have created pairs: That ye may receive instruction.
  50. Hasten ye then (at once) to Allah: I am from Him a Warner to you, clear and open!
  51. And make not another an object of worship with Allah: I am from Him a Warner to you, clear and open!
  52. Similarly, no messenger came to the Peoples before them, but they said (of him) in like manner, "A sorcerer, or one possessed"!
  53. Is this the legacy they have transmitted, one to another? Nay, they are themselves a people transgressing beyond bounds!
  54. So turn away from them: not thine is the blame.
  55. But teach (thy Message) for teaching benefits the Believers.
  56. I have only created Jinns and men, that they may serve Me.
  57. No Sustenance do I require of them, nor do I require that they should feed Me.
  58. For Allah is He Who gives (all) Sustenance,- Lord of Power,- Steadfast (for ever).
  59. For the Wrong-doers, their portion is like unto the portion of their fellows (of earlier generations): then let them not ask Me to hasten (that portion)!
  60. Woe, then, to the Unbelievers, on account of that Day of theirs which they have been promised!

Translation in other languages

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
1. وَالذَّارِيَاتِ ذَرْوًا
2. فَالْحَامِلَاتِ وِقْرًا
3. فَالْجَارِيَاتِ يُسْرًا
4. فَالْمُقَسِّمَاتِ أَمْرًا
5. إِنَّمَا تُوعَدُونَ لَصَادِقٌ
6. وَإِنَّ الدِّينَ لَوَاقِعٌ
7. وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الْحُبُكِ
8. إِنَّكُمْ لَفِي قَوْلٍ مُخْتَلِفٍ
9. يُؤْفَكُ عَنْهُ مَنْ أُفِكَ
10. قُتِلَ الْخَرَّاصُونَ
11. الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي غَمْرَةٍ سَاهُونَ
12. يَسْأَلُونَ أَيَّانَ يَوْمُ الدِّينِ
13. يَوْمَ هُمْ عَلَى النَّارِ يُفْتَنُونَ
14. ذُوقُوا فِتْنَتَكُمْ هَٰذَا الَّذِي كُنْتُمْ بِهِ تَسْتَعْجِلُونَ
15. إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ فِي جَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ
16. آخِذِينَ مَا آتَاهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ ۚ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَبْلَ ذَٰلِكَ مُحْسِنِينَ
17. كَانُوا قَلِيلًا مِنَ اللَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ
18. وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ
19. وَفِي أَمْوَالِهِمْ حَقٌّ لِلسَّائِلِ وَالْمَحْرُومِ
20. وَفِي الْأَرْضِ آيَاتٌ لِلْمُوقِنِينَ
21. وَفِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ ۚ أَفَلَا تُبْصِرُونَ
22. وَفِي السَّمَاءِ رِزْقُكُمْ وَمَا تُوعَدُونَ
23. فَوَرَبِّ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ إِنَّهُ لَحَقٌّ مِثْلَ مَا أَنَّكُمْ تَنْطِقُونَ
24. هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ ضَيْفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْمُكْرَمِينَ
25. إِذْ دَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ فَقَالُوا سَلَامًا ۖ قَالَ سَلَامٌ قَوْمٌ مُنْكَرُونَ
26. فَرَاغَ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ فَجَاءَ بِعِجْلٍ سَمِينٍ
27. فَقَرَّبَهُ إِلَيْهِمْ قَالَ أَلَا تَأْكُلُونَ
28. فَأَوْجَسَ مِنْهُمْ خِيفَةً ۖ قَالُوا لَا تَخَفْ ۖ وَبَشَّرُوهُ بِغُلَامٍ عَلِيمٍ
29. فَأَقْبَلَتِ امْرَأَتُهُ فِي صَرَّةٍ فَصَكَّتْ وَجْهَهَا وَقَالَتْ عَجُوزٌ عَقِيمٌ
30. قَالُوا كَذَٰلِكِ قَالَ رَبُّكِ ۖ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْحَكِيمُ الْعَلِيمُ
31. قَالَ فَمَا خَطْبُكُمْ أَيُّهَا الْمُرْسَلُونَ
32. قَالُوا إِنَّا أُرْسِلْنَا إِلَىٰ قَوْمٍ مُجْرِمِينَ
33. لِنُرْسِلَ عَلَيْهِمْ حِجَارَةً مِنْ طِينٍ
34. مُسَوَّمَةً عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ لِلْمُسْرِفِينَ
35. فَأَخْرَجْنَا مَنْ كَانَ فِيهَا مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
36. فَمَا وَجَدْنَا فِيهَا غَيْرَ بَيْتٍ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ
37. وَتَرَكْنَا فِيهَا آيَةً لِلَّذِينَ يَخَافُونَ الْعَذَابَ الْأَلِيمَ
38. وَفِي مُوسَىٰ إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَاهُ إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ بِسُلْطَانٍ مُبِينٍ
39. فَتَوَلَّىٰ بِرُكْنِهِ وَقَالَ سَاحِرٌ أَوْ مَجْنُونٌ
40. فَأَخَذْنَاهُ وَجُنُودَهُ فَنَبَذْنَاهُمْ فِي الْيَمِّ وَهُوَ مُلِيمٌ
41. وَفِي عَادٍ إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الرِّيحَ الْعَقِيمَ
42. مَا تَذَرُ مِنْ شَيْءٍ أَتَتْ عَلَيْهِ إِلَّا جَعَلَتْهُ كَالرَّمِيمِ
43. وَفِي ثَمُودَ إِذْ قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَمَتَّعُوا حَتَّىٰ حِينٍ
44. فَعَتَوْا عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِمْ فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّاعِقَةُ وَهُمْ يَنْظُرُونَ
45. فَمَا اسْتَطَاعُوا مِنْ قِيَامٍ وَمَا كَانُوا مُنْتَصِرِينَ
46. وَقَوْمَ نُوحٍ مِنْ قَبْلُ ۖ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَوْمًا فَاسِقِينَ
47. وَالسَّمَاءَ بَنَيْنَاهَا بِأَيْدٍ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ
48. وَالْأَرْضَ فَرَشْنَاهَا فَنِعْمَ الْمَاهِدُونَ
49. وَمِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَا زَوْجَيْنِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ
50. فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ إِنِّي لَكُمْ مِنْهُ نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ
51. وَلَا تَجْعَلُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ ۖ إِنِّي لَكُمْ مِنْهُ نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ
52. كَذَٰلِكَ مَا أَتَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلَّا قَالُوا سَاحِرٌ أَوْ مَجْنُونٌ
53. أَتَوَاصَوْا بِهِ ۚ بَلْ هُمْ قَوْمٌ طَاغُونَ
54. فَتَوَلَّ عَنْهُمْ فَمَا أَنْتَ بِمَلُومٍ
55. وَذَكِّرْ فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَىٰ تَنْفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
56. وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنْسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
57. مَا أُرِيدُ مِنْهُمْ مِنْ رِزْقٍ وَمَا أُرِيدُ أَنْ يُطْعِمُونِ
58. إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ
59. فَإِنَّ لِلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا ذَنُوبًا مِثْلَ ذَنُوبِ أَصْحَابِهِمْ فَلَا يَسْتَعْجِلُونِ
60. فَوَيْلٌ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ يَوْمِهِمُ الَّذِي يُوعَدُونَ
Audio: English
Audio: Arabic & English

Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy

Tafseer


It is derived from the very first word wadh-dhariyat, which implies that it is a Surah which begins with the word adh-dhariyat.

Period of Revelation
The subject matter and the style clearly show that it was sent down in the period when although the Holy Prophet's invitation was being resisted and opposed with denial and ridicule and false accusations stubbornly, persecution had not yet started. Therefore, this Surah also seems to have been revealed in the same period in which the Surah Qaf was revealed.

Subject Matter and Topics
The Surah mostly deals with the Hereafter, and in the end it presents the invitation to Tauhid. In addition, the people have also been warned that refusal to accept the message of the Prophets and persistence in the concepts and creeds of ignorance have proved to be disastrous for those nations themselves which have adopted this attitude and way of life in the past.

About the Hereafter what this Surah presents in short but pithy sentences is this: The people's different and conflicting beliefs about the end of human life are themselves an express proof that none of these beliefs and creeds is based on knowledge; everyone by himself has formed an ideology on the basis of conjecture and made the same his creed. Someone thought that there would be no life-after-death; someone believed in the life- after-death, but in the form of the transmigration of souls someone believed in the life hereafter and the meting out of the rewards and punishments but invented different sorts of props and supports to escape retribution. About a question of such vital and fundamental importance a wrong view of which renders man's whole life-work wrong and waste and ruins his future for ever, it would be a disastrous folly to build an ideology only on the basis of speculation and conjecture, without knowledge. It would mean that man should remain involved in a grave misunderstanding, pass his whole life in the heedlessness of error, and after death should suddenly meet with a situation for which he had made no preparation at all. There is only one way of forming the right opinion about such a question, and it is this: Man should seriously ponder over the knowledge about the Hereafter that the Prophet of Allah is conveying to him from Him, and should study carefully the system of the earth and heavens and his own existence: and should see whether the evidence of that knowledge's being sound and correct is afforded by everything around him or not. In this regard, the arrangement of the wind and rain, the structure of the earth and the creatures found on it, man's own self, the creation of the heavens and of everything in the world in the form of pairs have been presented as evidence of the Hereafter, and instances have been cited from human history to show that the temper of the empire of the Universe requires that the law of retribution must operate here.

After this, giving the invitation to Tauhid briefly, it has been said : "Your Creator has not created you for the service of others but for His own service. He is not like your false gods, which receive sustenance from you and godhead of which cannot function without your help, but He is a God Who is the Sustainer of all, Who does not stand in need of sustenance from anyone and Whose Godhead is functioning by His own power and might.

In this very connection, it has also been stated that whenever the Prophets of Allah have been opposed and resisted, they have not been opposed and resisted on the basis of any rational ground but on the basis of the same obduracy and stubbornness and false pride that is being shown against the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and there is no other motive for it than rebellion and arrogance. Then the Holy Prophet has been instructed not to bother about the rebels but to go on performing his mission of invitation and admonition, for it is useful and beneficial for the believers although it may not be so for the other people. As for the wicked people who still persist in their rebellion, they should know that their predecessors who followed the same way of life, have already received their shares of the punishment, and these people's share of the punishment has been made ready for them.