86. Surah At-Tariq

1. Wassamaaa'i wattaariq

وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ

By the Sky and the Night-Visitant (therein);-
2. Wa maaa adraaka mattaariq

وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ

And what will explain to thee what the Night-Visitant is?-
3. Annajmus saaqib

النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ

(It is) the Star of piercing brightness;-
4. In kullu nafsil lammaa 'alaihaa haafiz

إِنْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ

There is no soul but has a protector over it.
5. Fal yanzuril insaanu mimma khuliq

فَلْيَنْظُرِ الْإِنْسَانُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ

Now let man but think from what he is created!
6. Khuliqa mim maaa'in daafiq

خُلِقَ مِنْ مَاءٍ دَافِقٍ

He is created from a drop emitted-
7. Yakhruju mim bainissulbi wat taraaa'ib

يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَائِبِ

Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs:
8. Innahoo 'alaa raj'ihee laqaadir

إِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَجْعِهِ لَقَادِرٌ

Surely (Allah) is able to bring him back (to life)!
9. Yawma tublas saraaa'ir

يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَائِرُ

The Day that (all) things secret will be tested,
10. Famaa lahoo min quwwatinw wa laa naasir

فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ قُوَّةٍ وَلَا نَاصِرٍ

(Man) will have no power, and no helper.
11. Wassamaaa'i zaatir raj'

وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الرَّجْعِ

By the Firmament which returns (in its round),
12. Wal ardi zaatis sad'

وَالْأَرْضِ ذَاتِ الصَّدْعِ

And by the Earth which opens out (for the gushing of springs or the sprouting of vegetation),-
13. Innahoo laqawlun fasl

إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلٌ فَصْلٌ

Behold this is the Word that distinguishes (Good from Evil):
14. Wa maa huwa bil hazl

وَمَا هُوَ بِالْهَزْلِ

It is not a thing for amusement.
15. Innahum yakeedoona kaidaa

إِنَّهُمْ يَكِيدُونَ كَيْدًا

As for them, they are but plotting a scheme,
16. Wa akeedu kaidaa

وَأَكِيدُ كَيْدًا

And I am planning a scheme.
17. Famahhilil kaafireena amhilhum ruwaidaa

فَمَهِّلِ الْكَافِرِينَ أَمْهِلْهُمْ رُوَيْدًا

Therefore grant a delay to the Unbelievers: Give respite to them gently (for awhile).
Audio: English
Audio: Arabic & English

Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy


By Abul A'la Maududi

The Surah taken its name from the word at-tariq in its first verse.

Period of Revelation

The style of its subject matter resembles that of the earliest Surahs revealed at Makkah, but this surah was sent down at a stage when the disbelievers of Makkah were employing all sorts of devices and plans to defeat and frustrate the message of the Qur'an and Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace and blessings).
Theme and Subject Matter

It discuses two themes: first that man has to appear before God after death; second, that the Qur'an is a decisive Word which no plan or device of the disbelievers can defeat or frustrate.

First of all, the stars of the heavens have been cited as an evidence that there is nothing in the universe which may continue to exist and survive without guardian over it. Then man has been asked to consider his own self as to how he has been brought into existence from a mere sperm drop and shaped into a living human being. Then it has been said that the God, Who has so brought him into existence, has certainly the power to create him once again, and this resurrection will be for the purpose to subject to scrutiny all the secrets of man which remained hidden in the world. At that time, man will neither be able to escape the consequences of his deeds by his own power, nor will anyone else come to his rescue.

In conclusion, it has been pointed out that just as the falling of rain from the sky and the sprouting of plants and crops from the earth is no child's play but a serious task, so also the truths expressed in the Qur'an are no jest but a firm and unchangeable reality. The disbelievers are involved in the misunderstanding that their plans and devices will defeat the invitation of the Qur'an, but they do not know that Allah too is devising a plan which will bring to naught all their scheming and planning. Than in one sentence the discourse has been summed up, with a word of consolation to the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) and a tacit warning to the disbelievers, saying: "Have patience for a while: let the disbelievers do their worst. Before long they will themselves realize whether they have been able to defeat the Qur'an by their scheming or the Qur'an has dominated them in the very place where they are exerting their utmost to defeat it."