|1. Izas samaaa'un shaqqat|
إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انْشَقَّتْ
When the sky is rent asunder,
|2. Wa azinat li Rabbihaa wa huqqat|
وَأَذِنَتْ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتْ
And hearkens to (the Command of) its Lord, and it must needs (do so);-
|3. Wa izal ardu muddat|
وَإِذَا الْأَرْضُ مُدَّتْ
And when the earth is flattened out,
|4. Wa alqat maa feehaa wa takhallat|
وَأَلْقَتْ مَا فِيهَا وَتَخَلَّتْ
And casts forth what is within it and becomes (clean) empty,
|5. Wa azinat li Rabbihaa wa huqqat|
وَأَذِنَتْ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتْ
And hearkens to (the Command of) its Lord,- and it must needs (do so);- (then will come Home the full reality).
|6. Yaaa ayyuhal insaanu innaka kaadihun ilaa Rabbika kad han famulaaqeeh|
يَا أَيُّهَا الْإِنْسَانُ إِنَّكَ كَادِحٌ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ كَدْحًا فَمُلَاقِيهِ
O thou man! Verily thou art ever toiling on towards thy Lord- painfully toiling,- but thou shalt meet Him.
|7. Fa ammaa man ootiya kitaabahoo biyameenih|
فَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ
Then he who is given his Record in his right hand,
|8. Fasawfa yuhaasabu hi saabai yaseeraa|
فَسَوْفَ يُحَاسَبُ حِسَابًا يَسِيرًا
Soon will his account be taken by an easy reckoning,
|9. Wa yanqalibu ilaaa ahlihee masrooraa|
وَيَنْقَلِبُ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ مَسْرُورًا
And he will turn to his people, rejoicing!
|10. Wa ammaa man ootiya kitaabahoo waraaa'a zahrih|
وَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ وَرَاءَ ظَهْرِهِ
But he who is given his Record behind his back,-
|11. Fasawfa yad'oo subooraa|
فَسَوْفَ يَدْعُو ثُبُورًا
Soon will he cry for perdition,
|12. Wa yaslaa sa'eeraa|
And he will enter a Blazing Fire.
|13. Innahoo kaana feee ahlihee masrooraa|
إِنَّهُ كَانَ فِي أَهْلِهِ مَسْرُورًا
Truly, did he go about among his people, rejoicing!
|14. Innahoo zanna al lai yahoor|
إِنَّهُ ظَنَّ أَنْ لَنْ يَحُورَ
Truly, did he think that he would not have to return (to Us)!
|15. Balaaa inna Rabbahoo kaana bihee baseeraa|
بَلَىٰ إِنَّ رَبَّهُ كَانَ بِهِ بَصِيرًا
Nay, nay! for his Lord was (ever) watchful of him!
|16. Falaaa uqsimu bishshafaq|
فَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِالشَّفَقِ
So I do call to witness the ruddy glow of Sunset;
|17. Wallaili wa maa wasaq|
وَاللَّيْلِ وَمَا وَسَقَ
The Night and its Homing;
|18. Walqamari izat tasaq|
وَالْقَمَرِ إِذَا اتَّسَقَ
And the Moon in her fullness:
|19. Latarkabunna tabaqan 'an tabaq|
لَتَرْكَبُنَّ طَبَقًا عَنْ طَبَقٍ
Ye shall surely travel from stage to stage.
|20. Famaa lahum laa yu'minoon|
فَمَا لَهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ
What then is the matter with them, that they believe not?-
|21. Wa izaa quri'a 'alaihimul Quraanu laa yasjudoon (make sajda)|
وَإِذَا قُرِئَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْقُرْآنُ لَا يَسْجُدُونَ ۩
And when the Qur´an is read to them, they fall not prostrate,
|22. Balil lazeena kafaroo yukazziboon|
بَلِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يُكَذِّبُونَ
But on the contrary the Unbelievers reject (it).
|23. Wallaahu a'lamu bimaa yoo'oon|
وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يُوعُونَ
But Allah has full knowledge of what they secrete (in their breasts)
|24. Fabashshirhum bi'azaabin aleem|
فَبَشِّرْهُمْ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ
So announce to them a Penalty Grievous,
|25. Illal lazeena aamanoo wa 'amilus saalihaati lahum ajrun ghairu mamnoon|
إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ
Except to those who believe and work righteous deeds: For them is a Reward that will never fail.
Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy
It is derived from the word inshaqqat in the first verse. Inshaqqat is
infinitive which means to split asunder, thereby implying that it is the Surah
in which mention has been made of the splitting asunder of the heavens.
Period of Revelation
This too is one of the earliest Surahs to be revealed at Makkah. The internal evidence of its subject matter indicates that persecution of the Muslims had not yet started; however, the message of the Qur'an was being openly repudiated at Makkah and the people were refusing to acknowledge that Resurrection would ever take place when they would have to appear before their God to render an account of their deeds.
Theme and Subject Matter
Its theme is the Resurrection and Hereafter.
In the first five verses not only have the state of Resurrection been described vividly but an argument of its being true and certain also have been given. It has been stated that the heavens on that Day will split asunder, the earth will be spread out plain and smooth, and it will throw out whatever lies inside it of the dead bodies of men and evidences of their deeds so as to become completely empty from within. The argument given for it is that such will be the Command of their Lord for the heavens and the earth; since both are His creation. they cannot dare disobey His Command. For them the only right and proper course is that they should obey the Command of their Lord.
Then, in vv 6-19 it has been said that whether man Is conscious of this fact or not, he in any case is moving willy nilly to the destination when he will appear and stand before his Lord. At that time all human beings will divide into two parts: first those whose records will be given in their right hands: they will be forgiven without any severe reckoning; second those whose records will be given them behind their back. They will wish that they should die somehow, but they will not die; instead they will be cast into Hell. They will meet with this fate because in the world they remained lost in the misunderstanding that they would never have to appear before God to render an account of their deeds, whereas their Lord was watching whatever they were doing, and there was no reason why they should escape the accountability for their deeds. Their moving gradual]y from the life of the world to the meting out of rewards and punishments in the Hereafter was as certain as the appearance of twilight after sunset, the coming of the night after the day, the returning of men and animals to their respective abodes at night, and the growing of the crescent into full moon.
In conclusion, the disbelievers who repudiate the Qur'an instead of bowing down to God when they hear it, have been forewarned of a grievous punishment and the good news of limitless rewards has been given to the believers and the righteous.