81. Surah At-Takwir

1. Izash shamsu kuwwirat

إِذَا الشَّمْسُ كُوِّرَتْ

When the sun (with its spacious light) is folded up;
2. Wa izan nujoomun kadarat

وَإِذَا النُّجُومُ انْكَدَرَتْ

When the stars fall, losing their lustre;
3. Wa izal jibaalu suyyirat

وَإِذَا الْجِبَالُ سُيِّرَتْ

When the mountains vanish (like a mirage);
4. Wa izal 'ishaaru 'uttilat

وَإِذَا الْعِشَارُ عُطِّلَتْ

When the she-camels, ten months with young, are left untended;
5. Wa izal wuhooshu hushirat

وَإِذَا الْوُحُوشُ حُشِرَتْ

When the wild beasts are herded together (in the human habitations);
6. Wa izal bihaaru sujjirat

وَإِذَا الْبِحَارُ سُجِّرَتْ

When the oceans boil over with a swell;
7. Wa izan nufoosu zuwwijat

وَإِذَا النُّفُوسُ زُوِّجَتْ

When the souls are sorted out, (being joined, like with like);
8. Wa izal maw'oodatu su'ilat

وَإِذَا الْمَوْءُودَةُ سُئِلَتْ

When the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned -
9. Bi ayyi zambin qutilat

بِأَيِّ ذَنْبٍ قُتِلَتْ

For what crime she was killed;
10. Wa izas suhufu nushirat

وَإِذَا الصُّحُفُ نُشِرَتْ

When the scrolls are laid open;
11. Wa izas samaaa'u kushitat

وَإِذَا السَّمَاءُ كُشِطَتْ

When the world on High is unveiled;
12. Wa izal jaheemu su'-'irat

وَإِذَا الْجَحِيمُ سُعِّرَتْ

When the Blazing Fire is kindled to fierce heat;
13. Wa izal jannatu uzlifat

وَإِذَا الْجَنَّةُ أُزْلِفَتْ

And when the Garden is brought near;-
14. 'Alimat nafsum maaa ahdarat

عَلِمَتْ نَفْسٌ مَا أَحْضَرَتْ

(Then) shall each soul know what it has put forward.
15. Falaaa uqsimu bil khunnas

فَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِالْخُنَّسِ

So verily I call to witness the planets - that recede,
16. Al jawaaril kunnas

الْجَوَارِ الْكُنَّسِ

Go straight, or hide;
17. Wallaili izaa 'as'as

وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا عَسْعَسَ

And the Night as it dissipates;
18. Wassubhi izaa tanaffas

وَالصُّبْحِ إِذَا تَنَفَّسَ

And the Dawn as it breathes away the darkness;-
19. Innahoo laqawlu rasoolin kareem

إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلُ رَسُولٍ كَرِيمٍ

Verily this is the word of a most honourable Messenger,
20. Zee quwwatin 'inda zil 'arshi makeen

ذِي قُوَّةٍ عِنْدَ ذِي الْعَرْشِ مَكِينٍ

Endued with Power, with rank before the Lord of the Throne,
21. Mutaa'in samma ameen

مُطَاعٍ ثَمَّ أَمِينٍ

With authority there, (and) faithful to his trust.
22. Wa maa saahibukum bimajnoon

وَمَا صَاحِبُكُمْ بِمَجْنُونٍ

And (O people!) your companion is not one possessed;
23. Wa laqad ra aahu bilufuqil mubeen

وَلَقَدْ رَآهُ بِالْأُفُقِ الْمُبِينِ

And without doubt he saw him in the clear horizon.
24. Wa maa huwa 'alal ghaibi bidaneen

وَمَا هُوَ عَلَى الْغَيْبِ بِضَنِينٍ

Neither doth he withhold grudgingly a knowledge of the Unseen.
25. Wa maa huwa biqawli shaitaanir rajeem

وَمَا هُوَ بِقَوْلِ شَيْطَانٍ رَجِيمٍ

Nor is it the word of an evil spirit accursed.
26. Fa ayna tazhaboon

فَأَيْنَ تَذْهَبُونَ

When whither go ye?
27. In huwa illaa zikrul lil'aalameen

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ لِلْعَالَمِينَ

Verily this is no less than a Message to (all) the Worlds:
28. Liman shaaa'a minkum ai yastaqeem

لِمَنْ شَاءَ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ يَسْتَقِيمَ

(With profit) to whoever among you wills to go straight:
29. Wa maa tashaaa'oona illaaa ai yashaaa 'al laahu Rabbul 'Aalameen

وَمَا تَشَاءُونَ إِلَّا أَنْ يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ

But ye shall not will except as Allah wills,- the Cherisher of the Worlds.
Audio: English
Audio: Arabic & English

Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy


It is derived from the word kuwwirat in the first verse. Kuwwirat is passive voice from takvir in the past tense, and means "that which is folded up", thereby implying that it is a Surah in which the "folding up" has been mentioned:

Period of Revelation
The subject matter and the style clearly show that it is one of the earliest Surahs to be revealed at Makkah.

Theme and Subject Matter
It has two themes: the Hereafter and the institution of Prophethood.

In the first six verses the first stage of the Resurrection has been mentioned when the sun will lose its light, the stars will scatter, the mountains will be uprooted and will disperse, the people will become heedless of their dearest possessions, the beasts of the jungle will be stupefied and will gather together, and the seas will boil up. Then in the next seven verses the second stage has been described when the souls will be reunited with the bodies, the records will be laid open, the people will be called to account for their crimes, the heavens will be unveiled, and Hell and Heaven will be brought into full view. After depicting the Hereafter thus, man has been left to ponder his own self and deeds, saying: "Then each man shall himself know what he has brought with him."

After this the theme of Prophethood has been taken up. In this the people of Makkah have been addressed, as if to say "Whatever Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace and blessings) is presenting before you, is not the bragging of a madman, nor an evil suggestion inspired by Satan, but the word of a noble, exalted and trustworthy messenger sent by God, whom Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace and blessings) has seen with his own eyes in the bright horizon of the clear sky in broad day light. Whither then are you going having turned away from this teaching?"