|1. Laaa uqsimu bi yawmil qiyaamah|
لَا أُقْسِمُ بِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ
I do call to witness the Resurrection Day;
|2. Wa laaa uqsimu bin nafsil lawwaamah|
وَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِالنَّفْسِ اللَّوَّامَةِ
And I do call to witness the self-reproaching spirit: (Eschew Evil).
|3. Ayahsabul insaanu al lan najm'a 'izaamah|
أَيَحْسَبُ الْإِنْسَانُ أَلَّنْ نَجْمَعَ عِظَامَهُ
Does man think that We cannot assemble his bones?
|4. Balaa qaadireena 'alaaa an nusawwiya banaanah|
بَلَىٰ قَادِرِينَ عَلَىٰ أَنْ نُسَوِّيَ بَنَانَهُ
Nay, We are able to put together in perfect order the very tips of his fingers.
|5. Bal yureedul insaanu liyafjura amaamah|
بَلْ يُرِيدُ الْإِنْسَانُ لِيَفْجُرَ أَمَامَهُ
But man wishes to do wrong (even) in the time in front of him.
|6. Yas'alu ayyyaana yawmul qiyaamah|
يَسْأَلُ أَيَّانَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ
He questions: "When is the Day of Resurrection?"
|7. Fa izaa bariqal basar|
فَإِذَا بَرِقَ الْبَصَرُ
At length, when the sight is dazed,
|8. Wa khasafal qamar|
And the moon is buried in darkness.
|9. Wa jumi'ash shamusu wal qamar|
وَجُمِعَ الشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ
And the sun and moon are joined together,-
|10. Yaqoolul insaanu yaw ma 'izin aynal mafarr|
يَقُولُ الْإِنْسَانُ يَوْمَئِذٍ أَيْنَ الْمَفَرُّ
That Day will Man say: "Where is the refuge?"
|11. Kallaa laa wazar|
كَلَّا لَا وَزَرَ
By no means! No place of safety!
|12. Ilaa rabbika yawma 'izinil mustaqarr|
إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْمُسْتَقَرُّ
Before thy Lord (alone), that Day will be the place of rest.
|13. Yunabba 'ul insaanu yawma 'izim bimaa qaddama wa akhkhar|
يُنَبَّأُ الْإِنْسَانُ يَوْمَئِذٍ بِمَا قَدَّمَ وَأَخَّرَ
That Day will Man be told (all) that he put forward, and all that he put back.
|14. Balil insaanu 'alaa nafsihee baseerah|
بَلِ الْإِنْسَانُ عَلَىٰ نَفْسِهِ بَصِيرَةٌ
Nay, man will be evidence against himself,
|15. Wa law alqaa ma'aazeerah|
وَلَوْ أَلْقَىٰ مَعَاذِيرَهُ
Even though he were to put up his excuses.
|16. Laa tuharrik bihee lisaa naka lita'jala bih|
لَا تُحَرِّكْ بِهِ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعْجَلَ بِهِ
Move not thy tongue concerning the (Qur´an) to make haste therewith.
|17. Inna 'alainaa jam'ahoo wa qur aanah|
إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا جَمْعَهُ وَقُرْآنَهُ
It is for Us to collect it and to promulgate it:
|18. Fa izaa qaraanaahu fattabi' qur aanah|
فَإِذَا قَرَأْنَاهُ فَاتَّبِعْ قُرْآنَهُ
But when We have promulgated it, follow thou its recital (as promulgated):
|19. Summa inna 'alainaa bayaanah|
ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا بَيَانَهُ
Nay more, it is for Us to explain it (and make it clear):
|20. Kallaa bal tuhibboonal 'aajilah|
كَلَّا بَلْ تُحِبُّونَ الْعَاجِلَةَ
Nay, (ye men!) but ye love the fleeting life,
|21. Wa tazaroonal Aakhirah|
And leave alone the Hereafter.
|22. Wujoohuny yawma 'izin naadirah|
وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَاضِرَةٌ
Some faces, that Day, will beam (in brightness and beauty);-
|23. Ilaa rabbihaa naazirah|
إِلَىٰ رَبِّهَا نَاظِرَةٌ
Looking towards their Lord;
|24. Wa wujoohuny yawma 'izim baasirah|
وَوُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ بَاسِرَةٌ
And some faces, that Day, will be sad and dismal,
|25. Tazunnu any yuf'ala bihaa faaqirah|
تَظُنُّ أَنْ يُفْعَلَ بِهَا فَاقِرَةٌ
In the thought that some back-breaking calamity was about to be inflicted on them;
|26. Kallaaa izaa balaghatit taraaqee|
كَلَّا إِذَا بَلَغَتِ التَّرَاقِيَ
Yea, when (the soul) reaches to the collar-bone (in its exit),
|27. Wa qeela man raaq|
وَقِيلَ مَنْ ۜ رَاقٍ
And there will be a cry, "Who is a magician (to restore him)?"
|28. Wa zanna annahul firaaq|
وَظَنَّ أَنَّهُ الْفِرَاقُ
And he will conclude that it was (the Time) of Parting;
|29. Waltaffatis saaqu bissaaq|
وَالْتَفَّتِ السَّاقُ بِالسَّاقِ
And one leg will be joined with another:
|30. Ilaa rabbika yawma'izinil masaaq|
إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْمَسَاقُ
That Day the Drive will be (all) to thy Lord!
|31. Falaa saddaqa wa laa sallaa|
فَلَا صَدَّقَ وَلَا صَلَّىٰ
So he gave nothing in charity, nor did he pray!-
|32. Wa laakin kazzaba wa tawalla|
وَلَٰكِنْ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ
But on the contrary, he rejected Truth and turned away!
|33. Summa zahaba ilaaa ahlihee yatamatta|
ثُمَّ ذَهَبَ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ يَتَمَطَّىٰ
Then did he stalk to his family in full conceit!
|34. Awlaa laka fa awlaa|
أَوْلَىٰ لَكَ فَأَوْلَىٰ
Woe to thee, (O men!), yea, woe!
|35. Summa awlaa laka fa awla|
ثُمَّ أَوْلَىٰ لَكَ فَأَوْلَىٰ
Again, Woe to thee, (O men!), yea, woe!
|36. Ayahsabul insaanu ai yutraka sudaa|
أَيَحْسَبُ الْإِنْسَانُ أَنْ يُتْرَكَ سُدًى
Does man think that he will be left uncontrolled, (without purpose)?
|37. Alam yaku nutfatam mim maniyyiny yumnaa|
أَلَمْ يَكُ نُطْفَةً مِنْ مَنِيٍّ يُمْنَىٰ
Was he not a drop of sperm emitted (in lowly form)?
|38. Summa kaana 'alaqatan fakhalaqa fasawwaa|
ثُمَّ كَانَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقَ فَسَوَّىٰ
Then did he become a leech-like clot; then did (Allah) make and fashion (him) in due proportion.
|39. Faja'ala minhuz zawjayniz zakara wal unsaa|
فَجَعَلَ مِنْهُ الزَّوْجَيْنِ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنْثَىٰ
And of him He made two sexes, male and female.
|40. Alaisa zaalika biqaadirin 'alaaa any yuhyiyal mawtaa|
أَلَيْسَ ذَٰلِكَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَىٰ أَنْ يُحْيِيَ الْمَوْتَىٰ
Has not He, (the same), the power to give life to the dead?
Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy
The Surah has been so named after the word al-Qiyamah in the first verse.
This is not only the name but also the title of this Surah, for it is devoted to
Period of Revelation
Although there is no tradition to indicate its period of revelation, yet there is in the subject matter of this Surah an internal evidence, which shows that it is one of the earliest Surahs to be sent down at Makkah. After verse 15 the discourse is suddenly interrupted and the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) told: "Do not move your tongue to remember this Revelation hastily. It is Our responsibility to have it remembered and read. Therefore, when We are reciting it, listen to its recital carefully. Again, it is Our responsibility to explain its meaning." Then, from verse 20 onward the same theme which was interrupted at verse 15, is resumed. This parenthetical passage, according to both the context and the traditions, has been interposed here for the reason that when the Angel Gabriel was reciting this Surah to the Holy Prophet, the Holy Prophet, lest he should forget its words later, was repeating them at the same moment. This in fact happened at the time when the coming down and receipt of Revelation was yet a new experience for him and he was not yet fully used to receiving it calmly. There are two other instances also of this in the Qur'an. First, in Surah Ta Ha the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) has been told: "And see that you do not hasten to recite the Qur'an before its revelation is completed to you." (v. 114). Then, in Surah Al-A'la, it has been said: "We shall enable you to recite:, then you shall never forget. (v. 6). Later, when the Holy Prophet became fully used to receiving the Revelation well, there remained no need to give him any such instruction. That is why except for these, three, there is no other instance of this in the Qur'an.
Theme and Subject Matter
Most of the Surahs, from here till the end of the Qur'an, in view of their content and style, seem to have been sent down in the period when after the first seven verses of Surah Al-Muddaththir, revelation of the Qur'an began like a shower of rain: Thus, in the successively revealed Surahs Islam and its fundamental concepts and moral teachings were presented so forcefully and effectively in pithy, brief sentences and the people of Makkah warned so vehemently on their errors and deviations that the Quraish chiefs were utterly confounded. Therefore, before the next Hajj season came they held the conference for devising schemes to defeat the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) as has been mentioned in the Introduction to the Surah Al-Muddaththir above.
In this Surah, addressing thee deniers of the Hereafter, replies have been given to each of their doubts and objections, strong arguments have been given to prove the possibility, occurrence and necessity of the Resurrection and Hereafter, and also it has been pointed out clearly that the actual reason of the people's denying the Hereafter is not that they regard it as impossible rationally but because their selfish motives do not allow them to affirm it. At the same time, the people have been warned, as if to say: "The event, the occurrence of which you deny, will inevitably come: all your deeds will be brought and placed before you. As a matter of fact, even before any of you sees his record, he will be knowing fully well what he has done in the world, for no man is unaware of himself, no matter what excuses and pretenses he may offer to deceive the world and deceive himself in respect of his misdeeds."