|1. Noon; walqalami wa maa yasturoon|
ن ۚ وَالْقَلَمِ وَمَا يَسْطُرُونَ
Nun. By the Pen and the (Record) which (men) write,-
|2. Maa anta bini'mati Rabbika bimajnoon|
مَا أَنْتَ بِنِعْمَةِ رَبِّكَ بِمَجْنُونٍ
Thou art not, by the Grace of thy Lord, mad or possessed.
|3. Wa inna laka la ajran ghaira mamnoon|
وَإِنَّ لَكَ لَأَجْرًا غَيْرَ مَمْنُونٍ
Nay, verily for thee is a Reward unfailing:
|4. Wa innaka la'alaa khuluqin 'azeem|
وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلَىٰ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ
And thou (standest) on an exalted standard of character.
|5. Fasatubsiru wa yubsiroon|
Soon wilt thou see, and they will see,
|6. Bi ayyikumul maftoon|
Which of you is afflicted with madness.
|7. Innaa Rabbaka Huwa a'lamu biman dalla 'an sabeelihee wa Huwa a'lamu bilmuhtadeen|
إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ ضَلَّ عَنْ سَبِيلِهِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ
Verily it is thy Lord that knoweth best, which (among men) hath strayed from His Path: and He knoweth best those who receive (true) Guidance.
|8. Falaa tuti'il mukazzibeen|
فَلَا تُطِعِ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ
So hearken not to those who deny (the Truth).
|9. Waddoo law tudhinu fa-yudhinoon|
وَدُّوا لَوْ تُدْهِنُ فَيُدْهِنُونَ
Their desire is that thou shouldst be pliant: so would they be pliant.
|10. Wa laa tuti' kulla hallaa fim maheen|
وَلَا تُطِعْ كُلَّ حَلَّافٍ مَهِينٍ
Heed not the type of despicable men,- ready with oaths,
|11. Hammaazim mash shaaa'im binameem|
هَمَّازٍ مَشَّاءٍ بِنَمِيمٍ
A slanderer, going about with calumnies,
|12. Mannaa'il lilkhairi mu'tadin aseem|
مَنَّاعٍ لِلْخَيْرِ مُعْتَدٍ أَثِيمٍ
(Habitually) hindering (all) good, transgressing beyond bounds, deep in sin,
|13. 'Utullim ba'da zaalika zaneem|
عُتُلٍّ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ زَنِيمٍ
Violent (and cruel),- with all that, base-born,-
|14. An kaana zaa maalinw-wa baneen|
أَنْ كَانَ ذَا مَالٍ وَبَنِينَ
Because he possesses wealth and (numerous) sons.
|15. Izaa tutlaa 'alaihi aayaatunaa qaala asaateerul awwaleen|
إِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِ آيَاتُنَا قَالَ أَسَاطِيرُ الْأَوَّلِينَ
When to him are rehearsed Our Signs, "Tales of the ancients", he cries!
|16. Sanasimuhoo 'alal khurtoom|
سَنَسِمُهُ عَلَى الْخُرْطُومِ
Soon shall We brand (the beast) on the snout!
|17. Innaa balawnaahum kamaa balawnaaa As-haabal jannati iz 'aqsamoo la-yasri munnahaa musbiheen|
إِنَّا بَلَوْنَاهُمْ كَمَا بَلَوْنَا أَصْحَابَ الْجَنَّةِ إِذْ أَقْسَمُوا لَيَصْرِمُنَّهَا مُصْبِحِينَ
Verily We have tried them as We tried the People of the Garden, when they resolved to gather the fruits of the (garden) in the morning.
|18. Wa laa yastasnoon|
But made no reservation, ("If it be Allah´s Will").
|19. Fataafa 'alaihaa taaa'i fum mir rabbika wa hum naaa'imoon|
فَطَافَ عَلَيْهَا طَائِفٌ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَهُمْ نَائِمُونَ
Then there came on the (garden) a visitation from thy Lord, (which swept away) all around, while they were asleep.
|20. Fa asbahat kassareem|
So the (garden) became, by the morning, like a dark and desolate spot, (whose fruit had been gathered).
|21. Fatanaadaw musbiheen|
As the morning broke, they called out, one to another,-
|22. Anighdoo 'alaa harsikum in kuntum saarimeen|
أَنِ اغْدُوا عَلَىٰ حَرْثِكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَارِمِينَ
"Go ye to your tilth (betimes) in the morning, if ye would gather the fruits."
|23. Fantalaqoo wa hum yatakhaafatoon|
فَانْطَلَقُوا وَهُمْ يَتَخَافَتُونَ
So they departed, conversing in secret low tones, (saying)-
|24. Al laa yadkhulannahal yawma 'alaikum miskeen|
أَنْ لَا يَدْخُلَنَّهَا الْيَوْمَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِسْكِينٌ
"Let not a single indigent person break in upon you into the (garden) this day."
|25. Wa ghadaw 'alaa hardin qaadireen|
وَغَدَوْا عَلَىٰ حَرْدٍ قَادِرِينَ
And they opened the morning, strong in an (unjust) resolve.
|26. Falammaa ra awhaa qaalooo innaa ladaaalloon|
فَلَمَّا رَأَوْهَا قَالُوا إِنَّا لَضَالُّونَ
But when they saw the (garden), they said: "We have surely lost our way:
|27. Bal nahnu mahroomoon|
بَلْ نَحْنُ مَحْرُومُونَ
"Indeed we are shut out (of the fruits of our labour)!"
|28. Qaala awsatuhum alam aqul lakum law laa tusabbihoon|
قَالَ أَوْسَطُهُمْ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكُمْ لَوْلَا تُسَبِّحُونَ
Said one of them, more just (than the rest): "Did I not say to you, ´Why not glorify (Allah)?´"
|29. Qaaloo subhaana rabbinaaa innaa kunnaa zaalimeen|
قَالُوا سُبْحَانَ رَبِّنَا إِنَّا كُنَّا ظَالِمِينَ
They said: "Glory to our Lord! Verily we have been doing wrong!"
|30. Fa aqbala ba'duhum 'alaa ba'diny yatalaawamoon|
فَأَقْبَلَ بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ يَتَلَاوَمُونَ
Then they turned, one against another, in reproach.
|31. Qaaloo yaa wailanaaa innaa kunnaa taagheen|
قَالُوا يَا وَيْلَنَا إِنَّا كُنَّا طَاغِينَ
They said: "Alas for us! We have indeed transgressed!
|32. 'Asaa rabbunaaa any yubdilanaa khairam minhaaa innaaa ilaa rabbinaa raaghiboon|
عَسَىٰ رَبُّنَا أَنْ يُبْدِلَنَا خَيْرًا مِنْهَا إِنَّا إِلَىٰ رَبِّنَا رَاغِبُونَ
"It may be that our Lord will give us in exchange a better (garden) than this: for we do turn to Him (in repentance)!"
|33. Kazaalikal azaab, wa la'azaabul aakhirati akbar; law kaanoo ya'lamoon|
كَذَٰلِكَ الْعَذَابُ ۖ وَلَعَذَابُ الْآخِرَةِ أَكْبَرُ ۚ لَوْ كَانُوا يَعْلَمُونَ
Such is the Punishment (in this life); but greater is the Punishment in the Hereafter,- if only they knew!
|34. Inna lilmuttaqeena 'inda rabbihim jannaatin na'eem|
إِنَّ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ جَنَّاتِ النَّعِيمِ
Verily, for the Righteous, are Gardens of Delight, in the Presence of their Lord.
|35. Afanaj'alul muslimeena kalmujrimeen|
أَفَنَجْعَلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ كَالْمُجْرِمِينَ
Shall We then treat the People of Faith like the People of Sin?
|36. Maa lakum kaifa tahkumoon|
مَا لَكُمْ كَيْفَ تَحْكُمُونَ
What is the matter with you? How judge ye?
|37. Am lakum kitaabun feehi tadrusoon|
أَمْ لَكُمْ كِتَابٌ فِيهِ تَدْرُسُونَ
Or have ye a book through which ye learn-
|38. Inna lakum feehi lamaa takhaiyaroon|
إِنَّ لَكُمْ فِيهِ لَمَا تَخَيَّرُونَ
That ye shall have, through it whatever ye choose?
|39. Am lakum aymaanun 'alainaa baalighatun ilaa yawmil qiyaamati inna lakum lamaa tahkumoon|
أَمْ لَكُمْ أَيْمَانٌ عَلَيْنَا بَالِغَةٌ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ۙ إِنَّ لَكُمْ لَمَا تَحْكُمُونَ
Or have ye Covenants with Us to oath, reaching to the Day of Judgment, (providing) that ye shall have whatever ye shall demand?
|40. Salhum ayyuhum bizaa lika za'eem|
سَلْهُمْ أَيُّهُمْ بِذَٰلِكَ زَعِيمٌ
Ask thou of them, which of them will stand surety for that!
|41. Am lahum shurakaaa'u fal ya'too bishurakaaa 'ihim in kaanoo saadiqeen|
أَمْ لَهُمْ شُرَكَاءُ فَلْيَأْتُوا بِشُرَكَائِهِمْ إِنْ كَانُوا صَادِقِينَ
Or have they some "Partners" (in Allahhead)? Then let them produce their "partners", if they are truthful!
|42. Yawma yukshafu 'an saaqinw wa yud'awna ilas sujoodi falaa yastatee'oon|
يَوْمَ يُكْشَفُ عَنْ سَاقٍ وَيُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ
The Day that the shin shall be laid bare, and they shall be summoned to bow in adoration, but they shall not be able,-
|43. Khaashi'atan absaaruhum tarhaquhum zillatunw wa qad kaanoo yud'awna ilassujoodi wa hum saalimoon|
خَاشِعَةً أَبْصَارُهُمْ تَرْهَقُهُمْ ذِلَّةٌ ۖ وَقَدْ كَانُوا يُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ وَهُمْ سَالِمُونَ
Their eyes will be cast down,- ignominy will cover them; seeing that they had been summoned aforetime to bow in adoration, while they were whole, (and had refused).
|44. Fazarnee wa many yukazzibu bihaazal hadeesi sanastad rijuhum min haisu laa ya'lamoon|
فَذَرْنِي وَمَنْ يُكَذِّبُ بِهَٰذَا الْحَدِيثِ ۖ سَنَسْتَدْرِجُهُمْ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ
Then leave Me alone with such as reject this Message: by degrees shall We punish them from directions they perceive not.
|45. Wa umlee lahum; inna kaidee mateen|
وَأُمْلِي لَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ كَيْدِي مَتِينٌ
A (long) respite will I grant them: truly powerful is My Plan.
|46. Am tas'aluhum ajran fahum min maghramin musqaloon|
أَمْ تَسْأَلُهُمْ أَجْرًا فَهُمْ مِنْ مَغْرَمٍ مُثْقَلُونَ
Or is it that thou dost ask them for a reward, so that they are burdened with a load of debt?-
|47. Am 'indahumul ghaibu fahum yaktuboon|
أَمْ عِنْدَهُمُ الْغَيْبُ فَهُمْ يَكْتُبُونَ
Or that the Unseen is in their hands, so that they can write it down?
|48. Fasbir lihukmi rabbika wa laa takun kasaahibil hoot; iz naadaa wa huwa makzoom|
فَاصْبِرْ لِحُكْمِ رَبِّكَ وَلَا تَكُنْ كَصَاحِبِ الْحُوتِ إِذْ نَادَىٰ وَهُوَ مَكْظُومٌ
So wait with patience for the Command of thy Lord, and be not like the Companion of the Fish,- when he cried out in agony.
|49. Law laaa an tadaara kahoo ni'matum mir rabbihee lanubiza bil'araaa'i wa huwa mazmoom|
لَوْلَا أَنْ تَدَارَكَهُ نِعْمَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ لَنُبِذَ بِالْعَرَاءِ وَهُوَ مَذْمُومٌ
Had not Grace from his Lord reached him, he would indeed have been cast off on the naked shore, in disgrace.
|50. Fajtabaahu rabbuhoo faja'alahoo minas saaliheen|
فَاجْتَبَاهُ رَبُّهُ فَجَعَلَهُ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ
Thus did his Lord choose him and make him of the Company of the Righteous.
|51. Wa iny-yakaadul lazeena kafaroo la-yuzliqoonaka biabsaarihim lammaa sami'uz-Zikra wa yaqooloona innahoo lamajnoon|
وَإِنْ يَكَادُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَيُزْلِقُونَكَ بِأَبْصَارِهِمْ لَمَّا سَمِعُوا الذِّكْرَ وَيَقُولُونَ إِنَّهُ لَمَجْنُونٌ
And the Unbelievers would almost trip thee up with their eyes when they hear the Message; and they say: "Surely he is possessed!"
|52. Wa maa huwa illaa zikrul lil'aalameen|
وَمَا هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ لِلْعَالَمِينَ
But it is nothing less than a Message to all the worlds.
Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy
This Surah is called Nun as well as Al-Qalam, the words with which it begins.
Period of Revelation
This too is one of the earliest surahs to be revealed at Makkah, but its subject matter shows that it was sent down at the time when opposition to the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) had grown very harsh and tyrannical.
Theme and Subject Matter
It consists of three themes: Replies to the opponents objections, administration of warning and admonition to them, and exhortation to the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) to patience and constancy.
At the outset, the Holy Prophet has been addressed, to the effect: "The disbelievers call you a madman whereas the Book that you are presenting and the sublime conduct that you practice, are by themselves sufficient to refute their false accusations. Soon they will see as to who was mad and who was sane; therefore, do not at all yield to the din of opposition being kicked up against you, for all this is actually meant to cow you and make you resort to a compromise with them."
Then, in order to enlighten the common people the character of a prominent man from among the opponents, whom the people of Makkah fully well recognized, has been presented, without naming him: At that time, the Holy Prophet's pure and sublime conduct was before them, and every discerning eye could also see what sort of character and morals were possessed by the chiefs of Makkah, who were leading the opposition against him.
Then, in vv. 17-33, the parable of the owners of a garden has been presented, who after having been blessed by Allah turned ungrateful to Him, and did not heed the admonition of the best man among them when it was given them. Consequently, they were deprived of the blessing and they realized this, when all they had lay devastated. With this parable the people of Makkah have been warned to the effect: "With the appointment of the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) to Prophethood, you, O people of Makkah, too, have been put to a test similar to the one to which the owners of the garden had been put. If you do not listen to him, you too will be afflicted with a punishment in the world, and the punishment of the Hereafter is far greater."
Then, in vv. 34-47 continuously, the disbelievers have been admonished, in which the address sometimes turns to them directly and sometimes they are warned through the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace). A summary of what has been said in this regard, is this: Well being in the Hereafter inevitably belongs to those who spend their lives in the world in full consciousness of God. It is utterly against reason that the obedient servants should meet in the Hereafter the same fate as the guilty. There is absolutely no basis of the disbelievers misunderstanding that God will treat them in the manner they choose for themselves, whereas they have no guarantee for this. Those who are being called upon to bow before God in the world and they refuse to do so, would be unable to prostrate themselves on the Day of Resurrection even if they wanted to do so, and thus would stand disgraced and condemned. Having denied the Qur'an they cannot escape Divine punishment. The rein they are being given, has deluded them. They think that since they are not being punished in spite of their denial, they must be on the right path, whereas they are following the path of ruin. They have no reasonable ground for opposing the Messenger, for he is a preacher without any vested interest: he is not asking any reward of them for himself, and they cannot either make the claim that they know with certainty that he is not a true Messenger, nor that what he says is false.
In conclusion, the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) has been exhorted to the effect:"Bear with patience the hardships that you may have to face in the way of preaching the Faith till Allah's judgment arrives, and avoid the impatience which caused suffering and affliction to the Prophet Jonah (peace be on him)."