68. Surah Al-Qalam

1. Noon; walqalami wa maa yasturoon

ن ۚ وَالْقَلَمِ وَمَا يَسْطُرُونَ

Nun. By the Pen and the (Record) which (men) write,-
2. Maa anta bini'mati Rabbika bimajnoon

مَا أَنْتَ بِنِعْمَةِ رَبِّكَ بِمَجْنُونٍ

Thou art not, by the Grace of thy Lord, mad or possessed.
3. Wa inna laka la ajran ghaira mamnoon

وَإِنَّ لَكَ لَأَجْرًا غَيْرَ مَمْنُونٍ

Nay, verily for thee is a Reward unfailing:
4. Wa innaka la'alaa khuluqin 'azeem

وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلَىٰ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ

And thou (standest) on an exalted standard of character.
5. Fasatubsiru wa yubsiroon

فَسَتُبْصِرُ وَيُبْصِرُونَ

Soon wilt thou see, and they will see,
6. Bi ayyikumul maftoon

بِأَيْيِكُمُ الْمَفْتُونُ

Which of you is afflicted with madness.
7. Innaa Rabbaka Huwa a'lamu biman dalla 'an sabeelihee wa Huwa a'lamu bilmuhtadeen

إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ ضَلَّ عَنْ سَبِيلِهِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ

Verily it is thy Lord that knoweth best, which (among men) hath strayed from His Path: and He knoweth best those who receive (true) Guidance.
8. Falaa tuti'il mukazzibeen

فَلَا تُطِعِ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ

So hearken not to those who deny (the Truth).
9. Waddoo law tudhinu fa-yudhinoon

وَدُّوا لَوْ تُدْهِنُ فَيُدْهِنُونَ

Their desire is that thou shouldst be pliant: so would they be pliant.
10. Wa laa tuti' kulla hallaa fim maheen

وَلَا تُطِعْ كُلَّ حَلَّافٍ مَهِينٍ

Heed not the type of despicable men,- ready with oaths,
11. Hammaazim mash shaaa'im binameem

هَمَّازٍ مَشَّاءٍ بِنَمِيمٍ

A slanderer, going about with calumnies,
12. Mannaa'il lilkhairi mu'tadin aseem

مَنَّاعٍ لِلْخَيْرِ مُعْتَدٍ أَثِيمٍ

(Habitually) hindering (all) good, transgressing beyond bounds, deep in sin,
13. 'Utullim ba'da zaalika zaneem

عُتُلٍّ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ زَنِيمٍ

Violent (and cruel),- with all that, base-born,-
14. An kaana zaa maalinw-wa baneen

أَنْ كَانَ ذَا مَالٍ وَبَنِينَ

Because he possesses wealth and (numerous) sons.
15. Izaa tutlaa 'alaihi aayaatunaa qaala asaateerul awwaleen

إِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِ آيَاتُنَا قَالَ أَسَاطِيرُ الْأَوَّلِينَ

When to him are rehearsed Our Signs, "Tales of the ancients", he cries!
16. Sanasimuhoo 'alal khurtoom

سَنَسِمُهُ عَلَى الْخُرْطُومِ

Soon shall We brand (the beast) on the snout!
17. Innaa balawnaahum kamaa balawnaaa As-haabal jannati iz 'aqsamoo la-yasri munnahaa musbiheen

إِنَّا بَلَوْنَاهُمْ كَمَا بَلَوْنَا أَصْحَابَ الْجَنَّةِ إِذْ أَقْسَمُوا لَيَصْرِمُنَّهَا مُصْبِحِينَ

Verily We have tried them as We tried the People of the Garden, when they resolved to gather the fruits of the (garden) in the morning.
18. Wa laa yastasnoon

وَلَا يَسْتَثْنُونَ

But made no reservation, ("If it be Allah´s Will").
19. Fataafa 'alaihaa taaa'i fum mir rabbika wa hum naaa'imoon

فَطَافَ عَلَيْهَا طَائِفٌ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَهُمْ نَائِمُونَ

Then there came on the (garden) a visitation from thy Lord, (which swept away) all around, while they were asleep.
20. Fa asbahat kassareem

فَأَصْبَحَتْ كَالصَّرِيمِ

So the (garden) became, by the morning, like a dark and desolate spot, (whose fruit had been gathered).
21. Fatanaadaw musbiheen

فَتَنَادَوْا مُصْبِحِينَ

As the morning broke, they called out, one to another,-
22. Anighdoo 'alaa harsikum in kuntum saarimeen

أَنِ اغْدُوا عَلَىٰ حَرْثِكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَارِمِينَ

"Go ye to your tilth (betimes) in the morning, if ye would gather the fruits."
23. Fantalaqoo wa hum yatakhaafatoon

فَانْطَلَقُوا وَهُمْ يَتَخَافَتُونَ

So they departed, conversing in secret low tones, (saying)-
24. Al laa yadkhulannahal yawma 'alaikum miskeen

أَنْ لَا يَدْخُلَنَّهَا الْيَوْمَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِسْكِينٌ

"Let not a single indigent person break in upon you into the (garden) this day."
25. Wa ghadaw 'alaa hardin qaadireen

وَغَدَوْا عَلَىٰ حَرْدٍ قَادِرِينَ

And they opened the morning, strong in an (unjust) resolve.
26. Falammaa ra awhaa qaalooo innaa ladaaalloon

فَلَمَّا رَأَوْهَا قَالُوا إِنَّا لَضَالُّونَ

But when they saw the (garden), they said: "We have surely lost our way:
27. Bal nahnu mahroomoon

بَلْ نَحْنُ مَحْرُومُونَ

"Indeed we are shut out (of the fruits of our labour)!"
28. Qaala awsatuhum alam aqul lakum law laa tusabbihoon

قَالَ أَوْسَطُهُمْ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكُمْ لَوْلَا تُسَبِّحُونَ

Said one of them, more just (than the rest): "Did I not say to you, ´Why not glorify (Allah)?´"
29. Qaaloo subhaana rabbinaaa innaa kunnaa zaalimeen

قَالُوا سُبْحَانَ رَبِّنَا إِنَّا كُنَّا ظَالِمِينَ

They said: "Glory to our Lord! Verily we have been doing wrong!"
30. Fa aqbala ba'duhum 'alaa ba'diny yatalaawamoon

فَأَقْبَلَ بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ يَتَلَاوَمُونَ

Then they turned, one against another, in reproach.
31. Qaaloo yaa wailanaaa innaa kunnaa taagheen

قَالُوا يَا وَيْلَنَا إِنَّا كُنَّا طَاغِينَ

They said: "Alas for us! We have indeed transgressed!
32. 'Asaa rabbunaaa any yubdilanaa khairam minhaaa innaaa ilaa rabbinaa raaghiboon

عَسَىٰ رَبُّنَا أَنْ يُبْدِلَنَا خَيْرًا مِنْهَا إِنَّا إِلَىٰ رَبِّنَا رَاغِبُونَ

"It may be that our Lord will give us in exchange a better (garden) than this: for we do turn to Him (in repentance)!"
33. Kazaalikal azaab, wa la'azaabul aakhirati akbar; law kaanoo ya'lamoon

كَذَٰلِكَ الْعَذَابُ ۖ وَلَعَذَابُ الْآخِرَةِ أَكْبَرُ ۚ لَوْ كَانُوا يَعْلَمُونَ

Such is the Punishment (in this life); but greater is the Punishment in the Hereafter,- if only they knew!
34. Inna lilmuttaqeena 'inda rabbihim jannaatin na'eem

إِنَّ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ جَنَّاتِ النَّعِيمِ

Verily, for the Righteous, are Gardens of Delight, in the Presence of their Lord.
35. Afanaj'alul muslimeena kalmujrimeen

أَفَنَجْعَلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ كَالْمُجْرِمِينَ

Shall We then treat the People of Faith like the People of Sin?
36. Maa lakum kaifa tahkumoon

مَا لَكُمْ كَيْفَ تَحْكُمُونَ

What is the matter with you? How judge ye?
37. Am lakum kitaabun feehi tadrusoon

أَمْ لَكُمْ كِتَابٌ فِيهِ تَدْرُسُونَ

Or have ye a book through which ye learn-
38. Inna lakum feehi lamaa takhaiyaroon

إِنَّ لَكُمْ فِيهِ لَمَا تَخَيَّرُونَ

That ye shall have, through it whatever ye choose?
39. Am lakum aymaanun 'alainaa baalighatun ilaa yawmil qiyaamati inna lakum lamaa tahkumoon

أَمْ لَكُمْ أَيْمَانٌ عَلَيْنَا بَالِغَةٌ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ۙ إِنَّ لَكُمْ لَمَا تَحْكُمُونَ

Or have ye Covenants with Us to oath, reaching to the Day of Judgment, (providing) that ye shall have whatever ye shall demand?
40. Salhum ayyuhum bizaa lika za'eem

سَلْهُمْ أَيُّهُمْ بِذَٰلِكَ زَعِيمٌ

Ask thou of them, which of them will stand surety for that!
41. Am lahum shurakaaa'u fal ya'too bishurakaaa 'ihim in kaanoo saadiqeen

أَمْ لَهُمْ شُرَكَاءُ فَلْيَأْتُوا بِشُرَكَائِهِمْ إِنْ كَانُوا صَادِقِينَ

Or have they some "Partners" (in Allahhead)? Then let them produce their "partners", if they are truthful!
42. Yawma yukshafu 'am saaqinw wa yud'awna ilas sujoodi falaa yastatee'oon

يَوْمَ يُكْشَفُ عَنْ سَاقٍ وَيُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ

The Day that the shin shall be laid bare, and they shall be summoned to bow in adoration, but they shall not be able,-
43. Khaashi'atan absaaruhum tarhaquhum zillatunw wa qad kaanoo yud'awna ilassujoodi wa hum saalimoon

خَاشِعَةً أَبْصَارُهُمْ تَرْهَقُهُمْ ذِلَّةٌ ۖ وَقَدْ كَانُوا يُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ وَهُمْ سَالِمُونَ

Their eyes will be cast down,- ignominy will cover them; seeing that they had been summoned aforetime to bow in adoration, while they were whole, (and had refused).
44. Fazarnee wa many yukazzibu bihaazal hadeesi sanastad rijuhum min haisu laa ya'lamoon

فَذَرْنِي وَمَنْ يُكَذِّبُ بِهَٰذَا الْحَدِيثِ ۖ سَنَسْتَدْرِجُهُمْ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Then leave Me alone with such as reject this Message: by degrees shall We punish them from directions they perceive not.
45. Wa umlee lahum; inna kaidee mateen

وَأُمْلِي لَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ كَيْدِي مَتِينٌ

A (long) respite will I grant them: truly powerful is My Plan.
46. Am tas'aluhum ajran fahum min maghramin musqaloon

أَمْ تَسْأَلُهُمْ أَجْرًا فَهُمْ مِنْ مَغْرَمٍ مُثْقَلُونَ

Or is it that thou dost ask them for a reward, so that they are burdened with a load of debt?-
47. Am 'indahumul ghaibu fahum yaktuboon

أَمْ عِنْدَهُمُ الْغَيْبُ فَهُمْ يَكْتُبُونَ

Or that the Unseen is in their hands, so that they can write it down?
48. Fasbir lihukmi rabbika wa laa takun kasaahibil hoot; iz naadaa wa huwa makzoom

فَاصْبِرْ لِحُكْمِ رَبِّكَ وَلَا تَكُنْ كَصَاحِبِ الْحُوتِ إِذْ نَادَىٰ وَهُوَ مَكْظُومٌ

So wait with patience for the Command of thy Lord, and be not like the Companion of the Fish,- when he cried out in agony.
49. Law laaa an tadaara kahoo ni'matum mir rabbihee lanubiza bil'araaa'i wa huwa mazmoom

لَوْلَا أَنْ تَدَارَكَهُ نِعْمَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ لَنُبِذَ بِالْعَرَاءِ وَهُوَ مَذْمُومٌ

Had not Grace from his Lord reached him, he would indeed have been cast off on the naked shore, in disgrace.
50. Fajtabaahu rabbuhoo faja'alahoo minas saaliheen

فَاجْتَبَاهُ رَبُّهُ فَجَعَلَهُ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ

Thus did his Lord choose him and make him of the Company of the Righteous.
51. Wa iny-yakaadul lazeena kafaroo la-yuzliqoonaka biabsaarihim lammaa sami'uz-Zikra wa yaqooloona innahoo lamajnoon

وَإِنْ يَكَادُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَيُزْلِقُونَكَ بِأَبْصَارِهِمْ لَمَّا سَمِعُوا الذِّكْرَ وَيَقُولُونَ إِنَّهُ لَمَجْنُونٌ

And the Unbelievers would almost trip thee up with their eyes when they hear the Message; and they say: "Surely he is possessed!"
52. Wa maa huwa illaa zikrul lil'aalameen

وَمَا هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ لِلْعَالَمِينَ

But it is nothing less than a Message to all the worlds.
Audio: English
Audio: Arabic & English

Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy

Tafseer


This Surah is called Nun as well as Al-Qalam, the words with which it begins.

Period of Revelation
This too is one of the earliest surahs to be revealed at Makkah, but its subject matter shows that it was sent down at the time when opposition to the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) had grown very harsh and tyrannical.

Theme and Subject Matter
It consists of three themes: Replies to the opponents objections, administration of warning and admonition to them, and exhortation to the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) to patience and constancy.

At the outset, the Holy Prophet has been addressed, to the effect: "The disbelievers call you a madman whereas the Book that you are presenting and the sublime conduct that you practice, are by themselves sufficient to refute their false accusations. Soon they will see as to who was mad and who was sane; therefore, do not at all yield to the din of opposition being kicked up against you, for all this is actually meant to cow you and make you resort to a compromise with them."

Then, in order to enlighten the common people the character of a prominent man from among the opponents, whom the people of Makkah fully well recognized, has been presented, without naming him: At that time, the Holy Prophet's pure and sublime conduct was before them, and every discerning eye could also see what sort of character and morals were possessed by the chiefs of Makkah, who were leading the opposition against him.

Then, in vv. 17-33, the parable of the owners of a garden has been presented, who after having been blessed by Allah turned ungrateful to Him, and did not heed the admonition of the best man among them when it was given them. Consequently, they were deprived of the blessing and they realized this, when all they had lay devastated. With this parable the people of Makkah have been warned to the effect: "With the appointment of the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) to Prophethood, you, O people of Makkah, too, have been put to a test similar to the one to which the owners of the garden had been put. If you do not listen to him, you too will be afflicted with a punishment in the world, and the punishment of the Hereafter is far greater."

Then, in vv. 34-47 continuously, the disbelievers have been admonished, in which the address sometimes turns to them directly and sometimes they are warned through the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace). A summary of what has been said in this regard, is this: Well being in the Hereafter inevitably belongs to those who spend their lives in the world in full consciousness of God. It is utterly against reason that the obedient servants should meet in the Hereafter the same fate as the guilty. There is absolutely no basis of the disbelievers misunderstanding that God will treat them in the manner they choose for themselves, whereas they have no guarantee for this. Those who are being called upon to bow before God in the world and they refuse to do so, would be unable to prostrate themselves on the Day of Resurrection even if they wanted to do so, and thus would stand disgraced and condemned. Having denied the Qur'an they cannot escape Divine punishment. The rein they are being given, has deluded them. They think that since they are not being punished in spite of their denial, they must be on the right path, whereas they are following the path of ruin. They have no reasonable ground for opposing the Messenger, for he is a preacher without any vested interest: he is not asking any reward of them for himself, and they cannot either make the claim that they know with certainty that he is not a true Messenger, nor that what he says is false.

In conclusion, the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) has been exhorted to the effect:"Bear with patience the hardships that you may have to face in the way of preaching the Faith till Allah's judgment arrives, and avoid the impatience which caused suffering and affliction to the Prophet Jonah (peace be on him)."