|1. Qaaaf; wal Qur aanil Majeed|
ق ۚ وَالْقُرْآنِ الْمَجِيدِ
Qaf: By the Glorious Qur´an (Thou art Allah´s Messenger).
|2. Bal 'ajibooo an jaa'ahum munzirum minhum faqaalal kaafiroona haazaa shai'un 'ajeeb|
بَلْ عَجِبُوا أَنْ جَاءَهُمْ مُنْذِرٌ مِنْهُمْ فَقَالَ الْكَافِرُونَ هَٰذَا شَيْءٌ عَجِيبٌ
But they wonder that there has come to them a Warner from among themselves. So the Unbelievers say: "This is a wonderful thing!
|3. 'A-izaa mitnaa wa kunnaa turaaban zaalika raj'um ba'eed|
أَإِذَا مِتْنَا وَكُنَّا تُرَابًا ۖ ذَٰلِكَ رَجْعٌ بَعِيدٌ
"What! When we die and become dust, (shall we live again?) That is a (sort of) return far (from our understanding)."
|4. Qad 'alimnaa maa tanqu-sul-ardu minhum wa 'indanaa Kitaabun Hafeez|
قَدْ عَلِمْنَا مَا تَنْقُصُ الْأَرْضُ مِنْهُمْ ۖ وَعِنْدَنَا كِتَابٌ حَفِيظٌ
We already know how much of them the earth takes away: With Us is a record guarding (the full account).
|5. Bal kazzaboo bilhaqqi lammaa jaaa'ahum fahum feee amrim mareej|
بَلْ كَذَّبُوا بِالْحَقِّ لَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ فَهُمْ فِي أَمْرٍ مَرِيجٍ
But they deny the Truth when it comes to them: so they are in a confused state.
|6. Afalam yanzurooo ilas samaaa'i fawqahum kaifa banainaahaa wa zaiyannaahaa wa maa lahaa min furooj|
أَفَلَمْ يَنْظُرُوا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَوْقَهُمْ كَيْفَ بَنَيْنَاهَا وَزَيَّنَّاهَا وَمَا لَهَا مِنْ فُرُوجٍ
Do they not look at the sky above them?- How We have made it and adorned it, and there are no flaws in it?
|7. Wal arda madadnaahaa wa alqainaa feehaa rawaasiya wa ambatnaa feehaa min kulli zawjim baheej|
وَالْأَرْضَ مَدَدْنَاهَا وَأَلْقَيْنَا فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ وَأَنْبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِنْ كُلِّ زَوْجٍ بَهِيجٍ
And the earth- We have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and produced therein every kind of beautiful growth (in pairs)-
|8. Tabsiratanw wa zikraa likulli 'abdim muneeb|
تَبْصِرَةً وَذِكْرَىٰ لِكُلِّ عَبْدٍ مُنِيبٍ
To be observed and commemorated by every devotee turning (to Allah).
|9. Wa nazzalnaa minas samaaa'i maaa'am mubaarakan fa ambatnaa bihee jannaatinw wa habbal haseed|
وَنَزَّلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً مُبَارَكًا فَأَنْبَتْنَا بِهِ جَنَّاتٍ وَحَبَّ الْحَصِيدِ
And We send down from the sky rain charted with blessing, and We produce therewith gardens and Grain for harvests;
|10. Wannakhla baasiqaatil laha tal'un nadeed|
وَالنَّخْلَ بَاسِقَاتٍ لَهَا طَلْعٌ نَضِيدٌ
And tall (and stately) palm-trees, with shoots of fruit-stalks, piled one over another;-
|11. Rizqal lil'ibaad, wa ahyainaa bihee baldatam maitaa; kazaalikal khurooj|
رِزْقًا لِلْعِبَادِ ۖ وَأَحْيَيْنَا بِهِ بَلْدَةً مَيْتًا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ الْخُرُوجُ
As sustenance for (Allah´s) Servants;- and We give (new) life therewith to land that is dead: Thus will be the Resurrection.
|12. Kazzabat qablahum qawmu Noohinw wa Ashaabur Rassi wa Samood|
كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ وَأَصْحَابُ الرَّسِّ وَثَمُودُ
Before them was denied (the Hereafter) by the People of Noah, the Companions of the Rass, the Thamud,
|13. Wa 'Aadunw wa Fir'awnu wikhwaanu loot|
وَعَادٌ وَفِرْعَوْنُ وَإِخْوَانُ لُوطٍ
The ´Ad, Pharaoh, the brethren of Lut,
|14. Wa Ashaabul Aykati wa qawmu Tubba'; kullun kazzabar Rusula fahaqqa wa'eed|
وَأَصْحَابُ الْأَيْكَةِ وَقَوْمُ تُبَّعٍ ۚ كُلٌّ كَذَّبَ الرُّسُلَ فَحَقَّ وَعِيدِ
The Companions of the Wood, and the People of Tubba´; each one (of them) rejected the messengers, and My warning was duly fulfilled (in them).
|15. Afa'a yeenaa bilkhalqil awwal; bal hum fee labsim min khalqin jadeed|
أَفَعَيِينَا بِالْخَلْقِ الْأَوَّلِ ۚ بَلْ هُمْ فِي لَبْسٍ مِنْ خَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ
Were We then weary with the first Creation, that they should be in confused doubt about a new Creation?
|16. Wa laqad khalaqnal insaana wa na'lamu maa tuwaswisu bihee nafsuhoo wa Nahnu aqrabu ilaihi min hablil wareed|
وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ ۖ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ
It was We Who created man, and We know what dark suggestions his soul makes to him: for We are nearer to him than (his) jugular vein.
|17. 'Iz yatalaqqal mutalaqqi yaani 'anil yameeni wa 'anish shimaali qa'eed|
إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ
Behold, two (guardian angels) appointed to learn (his doings) learn (and noted them), one sitting on the right and one on the left.
|18. Maa yalfizu min qawlin illaa ladaihi raqeebun 'ateed|
مَا يَلْفِظُ مِنْ قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ
Not a word does he utter but there is a sentinel by him, ready (to note it).
|19. Wa jaaa'at sakratul mawti bilhaqq; zaalika maa kunta minhu taheed|
وَجَاءَتْ سَكْرَةُ الْمَوْتِ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ مَا كُنْتَ مِنْهُ تَحِيدُ
And the stupor of death will bring Truth (before his eyes): "This was the thing which thou wast trying to escape!"
|20. Wa nufikha fis Soor; zaalika yawmul wa'eed|
وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْوَعِيدِ
And the Trumpet shall be blown: that will be the Day whereof Warning (had been given).
|21. Wa jaaa'at kullu nafsim ma'ahaa saaa'iqunw wa shaheed|
وَجَاءَتْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَعَهَا سَائِقٌ وَشَهِيدٌ
And there will come forth every soul: with each will be an (angel) to drive, and an (angel) to bear witness.
|22. Laqad kunta fee ghaf latim min haazaa fakashafnaa 'anka ghitaaa'aka fabasarukal yawma hadeed|
لَقَدْ كُنْتَ فِي غَفْلَةٍ مِنْ هَٰذَا فَكَشَفْنَا عَنْكَ غِطَاءَكَ فَبَصَرُكَ الْيَوْمَ حَدِيدٌ
(It will be said:) "Thou wast heedless of this; now have We removed thy veil, and sharp is thy sight this Day!"
|23. Wa qaala qareenuhoo haazaa maa ladaiya 'ateed|
وَقَالَ قَرِينُهُ هَٰذَا مَا لَدَيَّ عَتِيدٌ
And his Companion will say: "Here is (his Record) ready with me!"
|24. Alqiyaa fee Jahannama kulla kaffaarin 'aneed|
أَلْقِيَا فِي جَهَنَّمَ كُلَّ كَفَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ
(The sentence will be:) "Throw, throw into Hell every contumacious Rejecter (of Allah)!-
|25. Mannaa'il lilkhayri mu'tadim mureeb|
مَنَّاعٍ لِلْخَيْرِ مُعْتَدٍ مُرِيبٍ
"Who forbade what was good, transgressed all bounds, cast doubts and suspicions;
|26. Allazee ja'ala ma'al laahi ilaahan aakhara fa alqiyaahu fil'azaabish shadeed|
الَّذِي جَعَلَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ فَأَلْقِيَاهُ فِي الْعَذَابِ الشَّدِيدِ
"Who set up another god beside Allah: Throw him into a severe penalty."
|27. Qaala qareenuhoo Rabbanaa maaa atghaituhoo wa laakin kaana fee dalaalin ba'eed|
قَالَ قَرِينُهُ رَبَّنَا مَا أَطْغَيْتُهُ وَلَٰكِنْ كَانَ فِي ضَلَالٍ بَعِيدٍ
His Companion will say: "Our Lord! I did not make him transgress, but he was (himself) far astray."
|28. Qaala laa takhtasimoo ladaayya wa qad qaddamtu ilaikum bilwa'eed|
قَالَ لَا تَخْتَصِمُوا لَدَيَّ وَقَدْ قَدَّمْتُ إِلَيْكُمْ بِالْوَعِيدِ
He will say: "Dispute not with each other in My Presence: I had already in advance sent you Warning.
|29. Maa yubaddalul qawlu ladaiya wa maaa ana bizal laamil lil'abeed|
مَا يُبَدَّلُ الْقَوْلُ لَدَيَّ وَمَا أَنَا بِظَلَّامٍ لِلْعَبِيدِ
"The Word changes not before Me, and I do not the least injustice to My Servants."
|30. Yawma naqoolu li'jahannama halim talaati wa taqoolu hal mim mazeed|
يَوْمَ نَقُولُ لِجَهَنَّمَ هَلِ امْتَلَأْتِ وَتَقُولُ هَلْ مِنْ مَزِيدٍ
One Day We will ask Hell, "Art thou filled to the full?" It will say, "Are there any more (to come)?"
|31. Wa uzlifatil jannatu lil muttaqeena ghaira ba'eed|
وَأُزْلِفَتِ الْجَنَّةُ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ غَيْرَ بَعِيدٍ
And the Garden will be brought nigh to the Righteous,- no more a thing distant.
|32. Haaza maa too'adoona likulli awwaabin hafeez|
هَٰذَا مَا تُوعَدُونَ لِكُلِّ أَوَّابٍ حَفِيظٍ
(A voice will say:) "This is what was promised for you,- for every one who turned (to Allah) in sincere repentance, who kept (His Law),
|33. Man khashiyar Rahmaana bilghaibi wa jaaa'a biqalbim muneeb|
مَنْ خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَٰنَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَجَاءَ بِقَلْبٍ مُنِيبٍ
"Who feared (Allah) Most Gracious Unseen, and brought a heart turned in devotion (to Him):
|34. Udkhuloohaa bisalaamin zaalika yawmul khulood|
ادْخُلُوهَا بِسَلَامٍ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْخُلُودِ
"Enter ye therein in Peace and Security; this is a Day of Eternal Life!"
|35. Lahum maa yashaaa'oona feehaa wa ladainaa mazeed|
لَهُمْ مَا يَشَاءُونَ فِيهَا وَلَدَيْنَا مَزِيدٌ
There will be for them therein all that they wish,- and more besides in Our Presence.
|36. Wa kam ahlaknaa qablahum min qarnin hum ashaddu minhum batshan fanaqqaboo fil bilaad, hal mim mahees|
وَكَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُمْ مِنْ قَرْنٍ هُمْ أَشَدُّ مِنْهُمْ بَطْشًا فَنَقَّبُوا فِي الْبِلَادِ هَلْ مِنْ مَحِيصٍ
But how many generations before them did We destroy (for their sins),- stronger in power than they? Then did they wander through the land: was there any place of escape (for them)?
|37. Inna fee zaalika lazikraa liman kaana lahoo qalbun aw alqas sam'a wa huwa shaheed|
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَذِكْرَىٰ لِمَنْ كَانَ لَهُ قَلْبٌ أَوْ أَلْقَى السَّمْعَ وَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ
Verily in this is a Message for any that has a heart and understanding or who gives ear and earnestly witnesses (the truth).
|38. Wa laqad khalaqnas samaawaati wal arda wa maa bainahumaa fee sittati ayyaamin wa maa massanaa mil lughoob|
وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ وَمَا مَسَّنَا مِنْ لُغُوبٍ
We created the heavens and the earth and all between them in Six Days, nor did any sense of weariness touch Us.
|39. Fasbir 'alaa maa yaqooloona wa sabbih bihamdi Rabbika qabla tuloo'ish shamsi wa qablal ghuroob|
فَاصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا يَقُولُونَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ الْغُرُوبِ
Bear, then, with patience, all that they say, and celebrate the praises of thy Lord, before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting.
|40. Wa minal laili fasabbih hu wa adbaaras sujood|
وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَسَبِّحْهُ وَأَدْبَارَ السُّجُودِ
And during part of the night, (also,) celebrate His praises, and (so likewise) after the postures of adoration.
|41. Wastami' yawma yunaa dil munaadi mim makaanin qareeb|
وَاسْتَمِعْ يَوْمَ يُنَادِ الْمُنَادِ مِنْ مَكَانٍ قَرِيبٍ
And listen for the Day when the Caller will call out from a place quiet near,-
|42. Yawma yasmaoonas sai hata bilhaqq zaalika yawmul khurooj|
يَوْمَ يَسْمَعُونَ الصَّيْحَةَ بِالْحَقِّ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْخُرُوجِ
The Day when they will hear a (mighty) Blast in (very) truth: that will be the Day of Resurrection.
|43. Innaa Nahnu nuhyee wa numeetu wa ilainal maseer|
إِنَّا نَحْنُ نُحْيِي وَنُمِيتُ وَإِلَيْنَا الْمَصِيرُ
Verily it is We Who give Life and Death; and to Us is the Final Goal-
|44. Yawma tashaqqaqul ardu 'anhum siraa'aa; zaalika hashrun 'alainaa yaseer|
يَوْمَ تَشَقَّقُ الْأَرْضُ عَنْهُمْ سِرَاعًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ حَشْرٌ عَلَيْنَا يَسِيرٌ
The Day when the Earth will be rent asunder, from (men) hurrying out: that will be a gathering together,- quite easy for Us.
|45. Nahnu a'lamu bimaa yaqooloona wa maaa anta 'alaihim bijabbaarin fazakkir bil quraani many yakhaafu wa'eed|
نَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ ۖ وَمَا أَنْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِجَبَّارٍ ۖ فَذَكِّرْ بِالْقُرْآنِ مَنْ يَخَافُ وَعِيدِ
We know best what they say; and thou art not one to overawe them by force. So admonish with the Qur´an such as fear My Warning!
Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy
The Surah derives its name from the initial letter Qaf, thereby implying that
it is the Surah which opens with the alphabetic letter Qaf.
Period of Revelation
There is no authentic tradition to show as to when exactly this Surah was sent down. A study of the subject matter, however, reveals that its period of revelation is the second stage of the Holy Prophet's life at Makkah, which lasted from the third year of the Prophethood till the fifth year. We have given the characteristics of this period in the Introduction to the Sarah Al-An'am. In view of those characteristics it can be said that this Surah might have been sent down in about the 5th year, when the antagonism of the disbelievers had become quite intense but had not yet assumed tyrannical proportions.
Theme and Topics
Authentic traditions show that the Holy Prophet used to recite this Surah generally in the Prayer on the Eid days. A woman named Umm Hisham bin Harithah, who was a neighbor of the Holy Prophet, says that she was able to commit Surah Qaf to memory only because she often heard it from the Holy Prophet in the Friday sermons. According to some other traditions he often recited it in the Fajr Prayer. This makes it abundantly clear that this was an important Surah in the sight of the Holy Prophet. That is why he made sure that its contents reached as many people as possible over and over again.
This reason for this importance can be easily understood by a careful study of the Surah. The theme of the entire Surah is the Hereafter. When the Holy Prophet started preaching his message in Makkah what surprised the people most was the news that people would be resurrected after death, and they would have to render an account of their deeds. They said that that was impossible; human mind could not believe that that would happen. After all, how could it be possible that when the body had disintegrated into dust the scattered particles would be reassembled after hundreds of thousands of years to make up the same body once again and raised up as a living body, Allah in response sent down this discourse. In it, on the one hand, arguments have been given for the possibility and occurrence of the Hereafter in a brief way, in short sentences, and, on the other, the people have been warned, as if to say: "Whether you express wonder and surprise, or you regard it as something remote from reason, or deny it altogether, in any case it cannot change the truth. The absolute, un-alterable truth is that Allah knows the whereabouts of each and every particle of your body that has scattered away in the earth, and knows where and in what state it is. Allah's one signal is enough to make all the scattered particles gather together again and to make you rise up once again as you had been made in the first instance. Likewise, your this idea that you have been created and left free to yourselves in the world and that you have not been made answerable to anyone, is no more than a misunderstanding. The fact is that not only is Allah Himself directly aware of each act and word of yours, even of the ideas that pass in your mind, but His angels also are attached to each one of you, who are preserving the record of whatever you do and utter. When the time comes, you will come out of your graves at one call just as young shoots of vegetable sprout up from the earth on the first shower of the rain. Then this heedlessness which obstructs your vision will be removed and you will see with your own eyes all that you are denying today. At that time you will realize that you had not been created to be irresponsible in this world but accountable to all your deeds the meeting out of the rewards and punishments, the Hell and Heaven, which you regard as impossible and imaginary things, will at that time become visible realities for you in consequence of your enmity and opposition to the Truth you will be cast into the same Hell which you regard as remote from reason today and the ones who fear the Merciful God and return to the path of righteousness, will be admitted to the same Paradise at whose mention you now express wonder and surprise.