51. Surah Adh-Dhariyat

No. Transliteration English Arabic
1. Waz-zaariyaati zarwaaBy the (Winds) that scatter broadcast; وَالذَّارِيَاتِ ذَرْوًا
2. Falhaamilaati wiqraaAnd those that lift and bear away heavy weights;فَالْحَامِلَاتِ وِقْرًا
3. Faljaariyaati yusraaAnd those that flow with ease and gentleness;فَالْجَارِيَاتِ يُسْرًا
4. Falmuqassimaati amraaAnd those that distribute and apportion by Command;-فَالْمُقَسِّمَاتِ أَمْرًا
5. Innamaa too'adoona la-saadiqVerily that which ye are promised is true;إِنَّمَا تُوعَدُونَ لَصَادِقٌ
6. Wa innad deena la waaqi'And verily Judgment and Justice must indeed come to pass.وَإِنَّ الدِّينَ لَوَاقِعٌ
7. Wassamaaa'i zaatil hubukBy the Sky with (its) numerous Paths,وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الْحُبُكِ
8. Innakum lafee qawlim mukhtalifTruly ye are in a doctrine discordant,إِنَّكُمْ لَفِي قَوْلٍ مُخْتَلِفٍ
9. Yu'faku 'anhu man ufikThrough which are deluded (away from the Truth) such as would be deluded.يُؤْفَكُ عَنْهُ مَنْ أُفِكَ
10. Qutilal kharraasoonWoe to the falsehood-mongers,-قُتِلَ الْخَرَّاصُونَ
11. Allazeena hum fee ghamratin saahoonThose who (flounder) heedless in a flood of confusion:الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي غَمْرَةٍ سَاهُونَ
12. Yas'aloona ayyaana yawmud DeenThey ask, "When will be the Day of Judgment and Justice?"يَسْأَلُونَ أَيَّانَ يَوْمُ الدِّينِ
13. Yawma hum 'alan naari yuftanoon(It will be) a Day when they will be tried (and tested) over the Fire!يَوْمَ هُمْ عَلَى النَّارِ يُفْتَنُونَ
14. Zooqoo fitnatakum haa zal lazee kuntum bihee tas ta'jiloon"Taste ye your trial! This is what ye used to ask to be hastened!"ذُوقُوا فِتْنَتَكُمْ هَٰذَا الَّذِي كُنْتُمْ بِهِ تَسْتَعْجِلُونَ
15. Innal muttaqeena fee jannaatinw wa 'uyoonAs to the Righteous, they will be in the midst of Gardens and Springs,إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ فِي جَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ
16. Aakhizeena maaa aataahum Rabbuhum; innahum kaanoo qabla zaalika muhsineenTaking joy in the things which their Lord gives them, because, before then, they lived a good life.آخِذِينَ مَا آتَاهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ ۚ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَبْلَ ذَٰلِكَ مُحْسِنِينَ
17. kaanoo qaleelam minal laili maa yahja'oonThey were in the habit of sleeping but little by night,كَانُوا قَلِيلًا مِنَ اللَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ
18. Wa bil as haari hum yastaghfiroonAnd in the hour of early dawn, they (were found) praying for Forgiveness;وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ
19. Wa feee amwaalihim haqqul lissaaa'ili walmahroomAnd in their wealth and possessions (was remembered) the right of the (needy,) him who asked, and him who (for some reason) was prevented (from asking).وَفِي أَمْوَالِهِمْ حَقٌّ لِلسَّائِلِ وَالْمَحْرُومِ
20. Wa fil ardi aayaatul lilmooqineenOn the earth are signs for those of assured Faith,وَفِي الْأَرْضِ آيَاتٌ لِلْمُوقِنِينَ
21. Wa feee anfusikum; afalaa tubsiroonAs also in your own selves: Will ye not then see?وَفِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ ۚ أَفَلَا تُبْصِرُونَ
22. Wa fissamaaa'i rizqukum wa maa too'adoonAnd in heaven is your Sustenance, as (also) that which ye are promised.وَفِي السَّمَاءِ رِزْقُكُمْ وَمَا تُوعَدُونَ
23. Fawa Rabbis samaaa'i wal ardi innahoo lahaqqum misla maa annakum tantiqoonThen, by the Lord of heaven and earth, this is the very Truth, as much as the fact that ye can speak intelligently to each other.فَوَرَبِّ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ إِنَّهُ لَحَقٌّ مِثْلَ مَا أَنَّكُمْ تَنْطِقُونَ
24. Hal ataaka hadeesu daifi Ibraaheemal mukrameenHas the story reached thee, of the honoured guests of Abraham?هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ ضَيْفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْمُكْرَمِينَ
25. Iz dakhaloo 'alaihi faqaaloo salaaman qaala salaamun qawmum munkaroonBehold, they entered his presence, and said: "Peace!" He said, "Peace!" (and thought, "These seem) unusual people."إِذْ دَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ فَقَالُوا سَلَامًا ۖ قَالَ سَلَامٌ قَوْمٌ مُنْكَرُونَ
26. Faraagha ilaaa ahlihee fajaaa'a bi'ijlin sameenThen he turned quickly to his household, brought out a fatted calf,فَرَاغَ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ فَجَاءَ بِعِجْلٍ سَمِينٍ
27. Faqarrabahooo ilaihim qaala alaa taakuloonAnd placed it before them.. he said, "Will ye not eat?"فَقَرَّبَهُ إِلَيْهِمْ قَالَ أَلَا تَأْكُلُونَ
28. Fa awjasa minhum khee fatan qaaloo laa takhaf wa bashsharoohu bighulaamin 'aleem(When they did not eat), He conceived a fear of them. They said, "Fear not," and they gave him glad tidings of a son endowed with knowledge.فَأَوْجَسَ مِنْهُمْ خِيفَةً ۖ قَالُوا لَا تَخَفْ ۖ وَبَشَّرُوهُ بِغُلَامٍ عَلِيمٍ
29. Fa aqbalatim ra-atuhoo fee sarratin fasakkat wajhahaa wa qaalat 'ajoozun 'aqeemBut his wife came forward (laughing) aloud: she smote her forehead and said: "A barren old woman!"فَأَقْبَلَتِ امْرَأَتُهُ فِي صَرَّةٍ فَصَكَّتْ وَجْهَهَا وَقَالَتْ عَجُوزٌ عَقِيمٌ
30. Qaaloo kazaaliki qaala Rabbuki innahoo huwal hakeemul 'aleem (End Juz 26)They said, "Even so has thy Lord spoken: and He is full of Wisdom and Knowledge."قَالُوا كَذَٰلِكِ قَالَ رَبُّكِ ۖ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْحَكِيمُ الْعَلِيمُ
31. Qaala famaa khatbukum ayyuhal mursaloon(Abraham) said: "And what, O ye Messengers, is your errand (now)?"قَالَ فَمَا خَطْبُكُمْ أَيُّهَا الْمُرْسَلُونَ
32. Qaalooo innaaa ursilnaaa ilaa qawmim mujrimeenThey said, "We have been sent to a people (deep) in sin;-قَالُوا إِنَّا أُرْسِلْنَا إِلَىٰ قَوْمٍ مُجْرِمِينَ
33. Linursila 'alaihim hijaa ratam min teen"To bring on, on them, (a shower of) stones of clay (brimstone),لِنُرْسِلَ عَلَيْهِمْ حِجَارَةً مِنْ طِينٍ
34. Musawwamatan 'inda rabbika lilmusrifeen"Marked as from thy Lord for those who trespass beyond bounds."مُسَوَّمَةً عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ لِلْمُسْرِفِينَ
35. Fa akhrajnaa man kaana feehaa minal mu'mineenThen We evacuated those of the Believers who were there,فَأَخْرَجْنَا مَنْ كَانَ فِيهَا مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
36. Famaa wajadnaa feehaa ghaira baitim minal muslimeenBut We found not there any just (Muslim) persons except in one house:فَمَا وَجَدْنَا فِيهَا غَيْرَ بَيْتٍ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ
37. Wa taraknaa feehaaa aayatal lillazeena yakhaafoonal 'azaabal aleemAnd We left there a Sign for such as fear the Grievous Penalty.وَتَرَكْنَا فِيهَا آيَةً لِلَّذِينَ يَخَافُونَ الْعَذَابَ الْأَلِيمَ
38. Wa fee Moosaaa iz arsalnaahu ilaa Fir'awna bisultaa nim mubeenAnd in Moses (was another Sign): Behold, We sent him to Pharaoh, with authority manifest.وَفِي مُوسَىٰ إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَاهُ إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ بِسُلْطَانٍ مُبِينٍ
39. Fatawalla biruknihee wa qaala saahirun aw majnoonBut (Pharaoh) turned back with his Chiefs, and said, "A sorcerer, or one possessed!"فَتَوَلَّىٰ بِرُكْنِهِ وَقَالَ سَاحِرٌ أَوْ مَجْنُونٌ
40. Fa akhaznaahu wa junoo dahoo fanabaznaahum fil yammi wa huwa muleemSo We took him and his forces, and threw them into the sea; and his was the blame.فَأَخَذْنَاهُ وَجُنُودَهُ فَنَبَذْنَاهُمْ فِي الْيَمِّ وَهُوَ مُلِيمٌ
41. Wa fee 'Aadin iz arsalnaa 'alaihimur reehal'aqeemAnd in the ´Ad (people) (was another Sign): Behold, We sent against them the devastating Wind:وَفِي عَادٍ إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الرِّيحَ الْعَقِيمَ
42. Maa tazaru min shai'in atat 'alaihi illaa ja'alat hu karrameemIt left nothing whatever that it came up against, but reduced it to ruin and rottenness.مَا تَذَرُ مِنْ شَيْءٍ أَتَتْ عَلَيْهِ إِلَّا جَعَلَتْهُ كَالرَّمِيمِ
43. Wa fee Samooda iz qeela lahum tamatta''oo hattaa heenAnd in the Thamud (was another Sign): Behold, they were told, "Enjoy (your brief day) for a little while!"وَفِي ثَمُودَ إِذْ قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَمَتَّعُوا حَتَّىٰ حِينٍ
44. Fa'ataw 'an amri Rabbihim fa akhazat humus saa'iqatu wa hum yanzuroonBut they insolently defied the Command of their Lord: So the stunning noise (of an earthquake) seized them, even while they were looking on.فَعَتَوْا عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِمْ فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّاعِقَةُ وَهُمْ يَنْظُرُونَ
45. Famas tataa'oo min qiyaaminw wa maa kaanoo muntasireenThen they could not even stand (on their feet), nor could they help themselves.فَمَا اسْتَطَاعُوا مِنْ قِيَامٍ وَمَا كَانُوا مُنْتَصِرِينَ
46. Wa qawma Noohim min qablu innahum kaano qawman faasiqeenSo were the People of Noah before them for they wickedly transgressed.وَقَوْمَ نُوحٍ مِنْ قَبْلُ ۖ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَوْمًا فَاسِقِينَ
47. Wassamaaa'a banainaa haa bi aydinw wa innaa lamoosi'oonWith power and skill did We construct the Firmament: for it is We Who create the vastness of pace.وَالسَّمَاءَ بَنَيْنَاهَا بِأَيْدٍ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ
48. Wal arda farashnaahaa fani'mal maahidoonAnd We have spread out the (spacious) earth: How excellently We do spread out!وَالْأَرْضَ فَرَشْنَاهَا فَنِعْمَ الْمَاهِدُونَ
49. Wa min kulli shai'in khalaqnaa zawjaini la'allakum tazakkaroonAnd of every thing We have created pairs: That ye may receive instruction.وَمِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَا زَوْجَيْنِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ
50. Fafirrooo ilal laahi innee lakum minhu nazeerum mubeenHasten ye then (at once) to Allah: I am from Him a Warner to you, clear and open!فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ إِنِّي لَكُمْ مِنْهُ نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ
51. Wa laa taj'aloo ma'al laahi ilaahan aakhara innee lakum minhu nazeerum mubeenAnd make not another an object of worship with Allah: I am from Him a Warner to you, clear and open!وَلَا تَجْعَلُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ ۖ إِنِّي لَكُمْ مِنْهُ نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ
52. Kazaalika maaa atal lazeena min qablihim mir Rasoolin illaa qaaloo saahirun aw majnoonSimilarly, no messenger came to the Peoples before them, but they said (of him) in like manner, "A sorcerer, or one possessed"!كَذَٰلِكَ مَا أَتَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلَّا قَالُوا سَاحِرٌ أَوْ مَجْنُونٌ
53. Atawaasaw bih; bal hum qawmun taaghoonIs this the legacy they have transmitted, one to another? Nay, they are themselves a people transgressing beyond bounds!أَتَوَاصَوْا بِهِ ۚ بَلْ هُمْ قَوْمٌ طَاغُونَ
54. Fatawalla 'anhum famaaa anta bimaloomSo turn away from them: not thine is the blame.فَتَوَلَّ عَنْهُمْ فَمَا أَنْتَ بِمَلُومٍ
55. Wa zakkir fa innaz zikraa tanfa'ul mu'mineenBut teach (thy Message) for teaching benefits the Believers.وَذَكِّرْ فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَىٰ تَنْفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
56. Wa maa khalaqtul jinna wal insa illaa liya'budoonI have only created Jinns and men, that they may serve Me.وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنْسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
57. Maaa ureedu minhum mir rizqinw wa maaa ureedu anyyut'imoonNo Sustenance do I require of them, nor do I require that they should feed Me.مَا أُرِيدُ مِنْهُمْ مِنْ رِزْقٍ وَمَا أُرِيدُ أَنْ يُطْعِمُونِ
58. Innal laaha Huwar Razzaaqu Zul Quwwatil MateenFor Allah is He Who gives (all) Sustenance,- Lord of Power,- Steadfast (for ever).إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ
59. Fa inna lillazeena zalamoo zanoobam misla zanoobi ashaabihim falaa yasta'jiloonFor the Wrong-doers, their portion is like unto the portion of their fellows (of earlier generations): then let them not ask Me to hasten (that portion)!فَإِنَّ لِلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا ذَنُوبًا مِثْلَ ذَنُوبِ أَصْحَابِهِمْ فَلَا يَسْتَعْجِلُونِ
60. Fawailul lillazeena kafaroo miny yawmihimul lazee yoo'adoonWoe, then, to the Unbelievers, on account of that Day of theirs which they have been promised!فَوَيْلٌ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ يَوْمِهِمُ الَّذِي يُوعَدُونَ
Audio: English
Audio: Arabic & English

Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy

Tafseer


It is derived from the very first word wadh-dhariyat, which implies that it is a Surah which begins with the word adh-dhariyat.

Period of Revelation
The subject matter and the style clearly show that it was sent down in the period when although the Holy Prophet's invitation was being resisted and opposed with denial and ridicule and false accusations stubbornly, persecution had not yet started. Therefore, this Surah also seems to have been revealed in the same period in which the Surah Qaf was revealed.

Subject Matter and Topics
The Surah mostly deals with the Hereafter, and in the end it presents the invitation to Tauhid. In addition, the people have also been warned that refusal to accept the message of the Prophets and persistence in the concepts and creeds of ignorance have proved to be disastrous for those nations themselves which have adopted this attitude and way of life in the past.

About the Hereafter what this Surah presents in short but pithy sentences is this: The people's different and conflicting beliefs about the end of human life are themselves an express proof that none of these beliefs and creeds is based on knowledge; everyone by himself has formed an ideology on the basis of conjecture and made the same his creed. Someone thought that there would be no life-after-death; someone believed in the life- after-death, but in the form of the transmigration of souls someone believed in the life hereafter and the meting out of the rewards and punishments but invented different sorts of props and supports to escape retribution. About a question of such vital and fundamental importance a wrong view of which renders man's whole life-work wrong and waste and ruins his future for ever, it would be a disastrous folly to build an ideology only on the basis of speculation and conjecture, without knowledge. It would mean that man should remain involved in a grave misunderstanding, pass his whole life in the heedlessness of error, and after death should suddenly meet with a situation for which he had made no preparation at all. There is only one way of forming the right opinion about such a question, and it is this: Man should seriously ponder over the knowledge about the Hereafter that the Prophet of Allah is conveying to him from Him, and should study carefully the system of the earth and heavens and his own existence: and should see whether the evidence of that knowledge's being sound and correct is afforded by everything around him or not. In this regard, the arrangement of the wind and rain, the structure of the earth and the creatures found on it, man's own self, the creation of the heavens and of everything in the world in the form of pairs have been presented as evidence of the Hereafter, and instances have been cited from human history to show that the temper of the empire of the Universe requires that the law of retribution must operate here.

After this, giving the invitation to Tauhid briefly, it has been said : "Your Creator has not created you for the service of others but for His own service. He is not like your false gods, which receive sustenance from you and godhead of which cannot function without your help, but He is a God Who is the Sustainer of all, Who does not stand in need of sustenance from anyone and Whose Godhead is functioning by His own power and might.

In this very connection, it has also been stated that whenever the Prophets of Allah have been opposed and resisted, they have not been opposed and resisted on the basis of any rational ground but on the basis of the same obduracy and stubbornness and false pride that is being shown against the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and there is no other motive for it than rebellion and arrogance. Then the Holy Prophet has been instructed not to bother about the rebels but to go on performing his mission of invitation and admonition, for it is useful and beneficial for the believers although it may not be so for the other people. As for the wicked people who still persist in their rebellion, they should know that their predecessors who followed the same way of life, have already received their shares of the punishment, and these people's share of the punishment has been made ready for them.