It is derived from the word infatarat in the first verse. Infitar is an
infinitive which means to cleave or split asunder, thereby implying that it is
the Surah in which the splitting asunder of the sky has been mentioned.
Period of Revelation This Surah and the Surah At-Takwir
closely resemble each other in their subject matter. This shows that both were
sent down in about the same period.
Theme and Subject Matter
Its theme is the Hereafter. According to a tradition related in Musnad Ahmad,
Tirmidhi, Ibn al-Mundhir, Tabarani, Hakim and Ibn Marduyah, on the authority of
Hadrat Abdullah bin Umar, the Holy Messenger (upon whom be peace) said: "The one
who wants that he should see the Resurrection Day as one would see it with one's
eyes, should read Surah At-Takwir, Surah Al-Infitar and Surah Al-Inshiqaq."
In this Surah first the Resurrection Day has been described and it is said
that when it occurs, every person will see whatever he has done in the world.
After this, man has been asked to ponder the question: "O man, what has deluded
you into thinking that the God, Who brought you into being and by Whose favor
and bounty you possess the finest body, limbs and features among all creatures,
is only bountiful and not just? His being bountiful and generous does not mean
that you should become fearless of His justice."Then, man has been warned, so as
to say: "Do not remain involved in any misunderstanding. Your complete record is
being prepared. There are trustworthy writers who are writing down whatever you
do." In conclusion, it has been forcefully stated that the Day of Resurrection
will surely take place when the righteous shall enjoy every kind of bliss in
Paradise and the wicked shall be punished in Hell. On that day no one shall
avail anyone anything. All powers of judgment shall be with Allah.