Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, let it declare the Praises and
Glory of Allah. for He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.
O ye who believe! Why say ye that which ye do not?
Grievously odious is it in the sight of Allah that ye say that which ye
Truly Allah loves those who fight in His Cause in battle array, as if
they were a solid cemented structure.
And remember, Moses said to his people: "O my people! why do ye vex and
insult me, though ye know that I am the apostle of Allah (sent) to you?"
Then when they went wrong, Allah let their hearts go wrong. For Allah guides
not those who are rebellious transgressors.
And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "O Children of Israel! I am
the apostle of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before
me, and giving Glad Tidings of an Messenger to come after me, whose name
shall be Ahmad." But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, "this
is evident sorcery!"
Who doth greater wrong than one who invents falsehood against Allah,
even as he is being invited to Islam? And Allah guides not those who do
Their intention is to extinguish Allah's Light (by blowing) with their
mouths: But Allah will complete (the revelation of) His Light, even though
the Unbelievers may detest (it).
It is He Who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of
Truth, that he may proclaim it over all religion, even though the Pagans may
O ye who believe! Shall I lead you to a bargain that will save you from
a grievous Penalty?-
That ye believe in Allah and His Messenger, and that ye strive (your
utmost) in the Cause of Allah, with your property and your persons: That
will be best for you, if ye but knew!
He will forgive you your sins, and admit you to Gardens beneath which
Rivers flow, and to beautiful mansions in Gardens of Eternity: that is
indeed the Supreme Achievement.
And another (favour will He bestow,) which ye do love,- help from Allah
and a speedy victory. So give the Glad Tidings to the Believers.
O ye who believe! Be ye helpers of Allah. As said Jesus the son of Mary
to the Disciples, "Who will be my helpers to (the work of) Allah." Said the
disciples, "We are Allah's helpers!" then a portion of the Children of
Israel believed, and a portion disbelieved: But We gave power to those who
believed, against their enemies, and they became the ones that prevailed.
The Surah derives its name from the sentence yuqatiluna fi sabil-i- hlsaff-an
of verse 4; thereby implying that it is a Surah in which the word saff occurred.
Period of Revelation It could not be known from any
reliable tradition, but a study of its subject-matter shows that this Surah
probably was sent down in the period closely following the Battle of Uhud, for
by reading between the lines perceives a clear description of the conditions
that prevailed in that period.
Theme and Subject Matter
Its theme is to exhort the Muslims to adopt sincerity in Faith and to struggle
with their lives in the cause of Allah. It is addressed to the Muslims with weak
faith as well as those who had entered Islam with a false profession of the
Faith and also those who were sincere in their profession. Some verses are
addressed to the first two groups, some only to the hypocrites, and some only to
the sincere Muslims. The style itself shows where one particular group has been
addressed and where the other.
At the outset the believers have been
warned to the effect; "Allah indeed hates those people who say one thing and do
another, and He indeed loves. those who fight in the cause of the Truth,
standing like a solid structure, against the enemies of Allah."'
5-7 the people of the Holy Prophet's community have been warned that their
attitude towards their Messenger and their Religion should not be like the
attitude that the Israelites had adopted towards the Prophets Moses and Jesus
(peace be upon them). In spite of acknowledging the Prophet Moses as a Messenger
of God they continued to malign him as long as he lived, and in spite of
witnessing clear signs from the Prophet Jesus they denied him without any
hesitation. Consequently, the Israelites became perverse, incapable of
benefiting from divine guidance. This is certainly not an enviable state which
another nation should imitate.
Then, in vv. 8-9 a proclamation has been
made with the challenge: "The Jews and the Christians, and the hypocrites, who
are conspiring with them, may try however hard they may to extinguish this Light
of Allah, it will shine forth and spread in the world in all its fullness, and
the Religion brought by the true Messenger of Allah shall prevail over every
other religion however hateful it may be to the pagans and polytheists.
In vv. 10-13, the believers have been told that the way to success both here and
in the Hereafter is only one: that they should believe in Allah and His
Messenger sincerely and should exert their utmost in Allah's Way with their
selves and their wealth. As a reward for this they will earn immunity from
Allah's punishment, forgiveness of their sins and the eternal Paradise in the
Hereafter, and will be blessed with Allah's good pleasure, succor and victory in
In conclusion, the believers have been exhorted to' the effect
that just as the disciples of the Prophet Jesus had helped him in the cause of
Allah, so should they also become "helpers of Allah", so that they too are
blessed with the same kind of good pleasure and approval of Allah as had been
the believers before them against the disbelievers.