3. We have
made it a Qur'an in Arabic, that ye may be able to understand (and learn
4. And verily, it is in the Mother of the Book, in Our Presence,
high (in dignity), full of wisdom.
5. Shall We then take away the Message
from you and repel (you), for that ye are a people transgressing beyond bounds?
6. But how many were the prophets We sent amongst the peoples of old?
7. And never came there a prophet to them but they mocked him.
We destroyed (them)- stronger in power than these;- and (thus) has passed on the
Parable of the peoples of old.
9. If thou wert to question them, 'Who
created the heavens and the earth?' They would be sure to reply, 'they were
created by (Him), the Exalted in Power, Full of Knowledge';-
the same that) has made for you the earth (like a carpet) spread out, and has
made for you roads (and channels) therein, in order that ye may find guidance
(on the way);
11. That sends down (from time to time) rain from the sky
in due measure;- and We raise to life therewith a land that is dead; even so
will ye be raised (from the dead);-
12. That has created pairs in all
things, and has made for you ships and cattle on which ye ride,
order that ye may sit firm and square on their backs, and when so seated, ye may
celebrate the (kind) favour of your Lord, and say, "Glory to Him Who has
subjected these to our (use), for we could never have accomplished this (by
14. "And to our Lord, surely, must we turn back!"
Yet they attribute to some of His servants a share with Him (in his godhead)!
truly is man a blasphemous ingrate avowed!
16. What! has He taken
daughters out of what He himself creates, and granted to you sons for choice?
17. When news is brought to one of them of (the birth of) what he sets up as
a likeness to (Allah) Most Gracious, his face darkens, and he is filled with
18. Is then one brought up among trinkets, and unable to
give a clear account in a dispute (to be associated with Allah.?
they make into females angels who themselves serve Allah. Did they witness their
creation? Their evidence will be recorded, and they will be called to account!
20. ("Ah!") they say, "If it had been the will of (Allah) Most Gracious, we
should not have worshipped such (deities)!" Of that they have no knowledge! they
do nothing but lie!
21. What! have We given them a Book before this, to
which they are holding fast?
22. Nay! they say: "We found our fathers
following a certain religion, and we do guide ourselves by their footsteps."
23. Just in the same way, whenever We sent a Warner before thee to any
people, the wealthy ones among them said: "We found our fathers following a
certain religion, and we will certainly follow in their footsteps."
He said: "What! Even if I brought you better guidance than that which ye found
your fathers following?" They said: "For us, we deny that ye (prophets) are sent
(on a mission at all)."
25. So We exacted retribution from them: now see
what was the end of those who rejected (Truth)!
26. Behold! Abraham said
to his father and his people: "I do indeed clear myself of what ye worship:
27. "(I worship) only Him Who made me, and He will certainly guide me."
28. And he left it as a Word to endure among those who came after him, that
they may turn back (to Allah..
29. Yea, I have given the good things of
this life to these (men) and their fathers, until the Truth has come to them,
and an apostle making things clear.
30. But when the Truth came to them,
they said: "This is sorcery, and we do reject it."
31. Also, they say:
"Why is not this Qur'an sent down to some leading man in either of the two
32. Is it they who would portion out the Mercy of thy
Lord? It is We Who portion out between them their livelihood in the life of this
world: and We raise some of them above others in ranks, so that some may command
work from others. But the Mercy of thy Lord is better than the (wealth) which
33. And were it not that (all) men might become of one (evil)
way of life, We would provide, for everyone that blasphemes against (Allah) Most
Gracious, silver roofs for their houses and (silver) stair-ways on which to go
34. And (silver) doors to their houses, and thrones (of silver) on
which they could recline,
35. And also adornments of gold. But all this
were nothing but conveniences of the present life: The Hereafter, in the sight
of thy Lord is for the Righteous.
36. If anyone withdraws himself from
remembrance of (Allah) Most Gracious, We appoint for him an evil one, to be an
intimate companion to him.
37. Such (evil ones) really hinder them from
the Path, but they think that they are being guided aright!
length, when (such a one) comes to Us, he says (to his evil companion): "Would
that between me and thee were the distance of East and West!" Ah! evil is the
39. When ye have done wrong, it will avail you
nothing, that Day, that ye shall be partners in Punishment!
thou then make the deaf to hear, or give direction to the blind or to such as
(wander) in manifest error?
41. Even if We take thee away, We shall be
sure to exact retribution from them,
42. Or We shall show thee that
(accomplished) which We have promised them: for verily We shall prevail over
43. So hold thou fast to the Revelation sent down to thee; verily
thou art on a Straight Way.
44. The (Qur'an) is indeed the message, for
thee and for thy people; and soon shall ye (all) be brought to account.
45. And question thou our apostles whom We sent before thee; did We appoint any
deities other than (Allah) Most Gracious, to be worshipped?
46. We did
send Moses aforetime, with Our Signs, to Pharaoh and his Chiefs: He said, "I am
an apostle of the Lord of the Worlds."
47. But when he came to them with
Our Signs, behold they ridiculed them.
48. We showed them Sign after
Sign, each greater than its fellow, and We seized them with Punishment, in order
that they might turn (to Us).
49. And they said, "O thou sorcerer! Invoke
thy Lord for us according to His covenant with thee; for we shall truly accept
50. But when We removed the Penalty from them, behold, they
broke their word.
51. And Pharaoh proclaimed among his people, saying: "O
my people! Does not the dominion of Egypt belong to me, (witness) these streams
flowing underneath my (palace)? What! see ye not then?
52. "Am I not
better than this (Moses), who is a contemptible wretch and can scarcely express
53. "Then why are not gold bracelets bestowed on him, or
(why) come (not) with him angels accompanying him in procession?"
Thus did he make fools of his people, and they obeyed him: truly were they a
people rebellious (against Allah..
55. When at length they provoked Us,
We exacted retribution from them, and We drowned them all.
56. And We
made them (a people) of the Past and an Example to later ages.
(Jesus) the son of Mary is held up as an example, behold, thy people raise a
clamour thereat (in ridicule)!
58. And they say, "Are our gods best, or
he?" This they set forth to thee, only by way of disputation: yea, they are a
59. He was no more than a servant: We granted Our
favour to him, and We made him an example to the Children of Israel.
And if it were Our Will, We could make angels from amongst you, succeeding each
other on the earth.
61. And (Jesus) shall be a Sign (for the coming of)
the Hour (of Judgment): therefore have no doubt about the (Hour), but follow ye
Me: this is a Straight Way.
62. Let not the Evil One hinder you: for he
is to you an enemy avowed.
63. When Jesus came with Clear Signs, he said:
"Now have I come to you with Wisdom, and in order to make clear to you some of
the (points) on which ye dispute: therefore fear Allah and obey me.
"For Allah, He is my Lord and your Lord: so worship ye Him: this is a Straight
65. But sects from among themselves fell into disagreement: then
woe to the wrong-doers, from the Penalty of a Grievous Day!
66. Do they
only wait for the Hour - that it should come on them all of a sudden, while they
67. Friends on that day will be foes, one to another,-
except the Righteous.
68. My devotees! no fear shall be on you that Day,
nor shall ye grieve,-
69. (Being) those who have believed in Our Signs
and bowed (their wills to Ours) in Islam.
70. Enter ye the Garden, ye and
your wives, in (beauty and) rejoicing.
71. To them will be passed round,
dishes and goblets of gold: there will be there all that the souls could desire,
all that their ayes could delight in: and ye shall abide therein (for eye).
72. Such will be the Garden of which ye are made heirs for your (good) deeds
73. Ye shall have therein abundance of fruit, from which ye
shall have satisfaction.
74. The sinners will be in the Punishment of
Hell, to dwell therein (for aye):
75. Nowise will the (Punishment) be
lightened for them, and in despair will they be there overwhelmed.
Nowise shall We be unjust to them: but it is they who have been unjust
77. They will cry: "O Malik! would that thy Lord put an end
to us!" He will say, "Nay, but ye shall abide!"
78. Verily We have
brought the Truth to you: but most of you have a hatred for Truth.
What! have they settled some plan (among themselves)? But it is We Who settle
80. Or do they think that We hear not their secrets and their
private counsels? Indeed (We do), and Our messengers are by them, to record.
81. Say: "If (Allah) Most Gracious had a son, I would be the first to
82. Glory to the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord of
the Throne (of Authority)! (He is free) from the things they attribute (to him)!
83. So leave them to babble and play (with vanities) until they meet that
Day of theirs, which they have been promised.
84. It is He Who is Allah
in heaven and Allah on earth; and He is full of Wisdom and Knowledge.
And blessed is He to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and
all between them: with Him is the Knowledge of the Hour (of Judgment): and to
Him shall ye be brought back.
86. And those whom they invoke besides
Allah have no power of intercession;- only he who bears witness to the Truth,
and they know (him).
87. If thou ask them, who created them, they will
certainly say, Allah. How then are they deluded away (from the Truth)?
88. ((Allah) has knowledge) of the (Prophet's) cry, "O my Lord! Truly these are
people who will not believe!"
89. But turn away from them, and say
"Peace!" But soon shall they know!
It is derived from the word zukhruf-an which occurs in verse 33 of this
Period of Revelation It could not be known
from any authentic tradition, but a study of its subject matter shows that this
Surah also was sent down in the same period in which the Surahs Al-Mumin, As-Sajdah
and Ash-Shura, were sent down. It appears that the revelation of this series of
the Surahs began when the disbelievers of Makkah were planning to put an end to
the Holy Prophet's life. Day and night they were holding consultations in their
assemblies as how to eliminate him, and even an attack on his life also had been
made as has been clearly referred to in vv. 79-80.
Topics In this Surah a forceful and severe criticism has been made
of the Quraish and the common Arabs creeds and superstitions of ignorance in
which they persisted, and their stubbornness has been exposed in a firm and
effective way, so that every member of the society, who was reasonable in some
degree, should be made to consider the evils in which the community was involved
and its tyrannical treatment of the person who was trying to redeem it.
The discourse starts in a way as if to say: "You, by means of your mischiefs,
want that the revelation of this Book should be stopped, but Allah has never
withheld the appointment of His Prophets and the revelation of His Books because
of the mischief of the people, but has destroyed the wicked people, who
obstructed the way of His guidance. The same He will do again. A little further
in vv. 41-43 and 79-80 the same thing has been reiterated. Though the people who
were plotting against his life are meant, the Holy Prophet has been addressed to
the effect: "whether you remain alive or not, We will certainly punish the
wicked," and the people themselves have been plainly warned to the effect: "If
you have decided to take an action against Our Prophet, We too will take a
Then, it has been told what is the reality of the
religion that the people are following so devotedly and what are the arguments
on whose strength they are resisting Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace and
They themselves admit that the Creator of the earth and
heavens and of themselves and their deities is only Allah. They also know and
admit that the blessings they are benefiting from, have been bestowed by Allah;
yet they insist on making others associates of Allah in His Godhead.
regard the servants as the children of Allah, and that too daughters, whom they
regard as disgraceful for themselves.
They believe that the angels are
goddesses; they have carved their images as females; they adorn them with female
dresses and ornaments, and call them daughters of Allah: they worship them and
invoke them for the fulfillment of their needs. How did they know that the
angels were female?
When they are rebuked for these superstitions, they
present the pretense of destiny and say :"Had Allah disapproved of these our
practices, we could not have worshiped these images, whereas the means of
finding out whether Allah had approved of something or not, are His Books and
not those things which are happening in the world according to His Will. For
under His Will not only idol worship but crimes like theft and adultery,
robbery. murder, etc. also are being committed. Can this argument be used to
justify as right and proper this commission of every crime and evil is the
When it is asked: Have you any other authority, apart from this
wrong argument, for the polytheism of yours? They reply, "The same has been the
practice since the time of our forefathers." In other words, this in their
opinion is a strong enough argument for a creed's being right and true, whereas
the Prophet Abraham, descent from whom is the only basis of their pride and
distinction, had rejected the religion of his elders and left his home, and he
had discarded every such blind imitation of his forefathers, which did not have
the support of any rational argument. Then, if these people had to follow their
elders only, for this also they selected their most ignorant elders and
abandoned their most illustrious elders like the Prophets Abraham and Ishmael
(on whom be peace).
When they are asked: "Has ever a Prophet or a Book
sent down by God also given this teaching that others beside Allah too are
worthy of worship? they present this practice of the Christians as an argument
that they took Jesus son of Mary as son of God and worshiped him; whereas the
question was not this whether the community of a Prophet had committed shirk or
not, but this whether a Prophet had himself taught shirk. Jesus son of Mary had
never said that he was son of God and that the people should worship him. His
own was the same teaching which every other Prophet had given "My Lord as well
as your Lord is Allah: so worship Him alone."
They were disinclined to
believe in the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet because he was neither a rich man
nor a person of high worldly position and rank. They said "Had Allah willed to
appoint a prophet among us, He would have appointed one of the great men of' our
two cities (Makkah and Taif). On that very basis, Pharaoh also had looked down
upon the Prophet Moses and said: "If Allah, the King of the heavens, had to send
a messenger to me, the king of the earth, He would have sent him with bracelets
of gold and a company of angels in attendance. Where from has this mendicant
appeared I am superior to him, for the kingdom of Egypt belongs to me, and the
canals of the River Nile are flowing under my control. What is the status of
this man as against me? He has neither wealth nor authority."
criticizing each practice of ignorance of the disbelievers and rejecting it with
rational arguments, it has been pointed out: "Neither has God any offspring, nor
are there separate gods of the earth and heavens, nor is there any intercessor
who may be able to protect from His punishment those who adopt deviation
knowingly. Allah is far above this that He should have children. He alone is the
God of the whole Universe: all others are His servants and not associates in His
attributes and powers, and only such men can intercede with Him, who are
themselves followers of the Truth and they also can intercede only for those who
may have adopted obedience of the Truth in the world."