1. We sent Noah to his People (with the Command): "Do thou warn thy People
before there comes to them a grievous Penalty."
2. He said: "O my People!
I am to you a Warner, clear and open:
3. "That ye should worship Allah,
fear Him and obey me:
4. "So He may forgive you your sins and give you
respite for a stated Term: for when the Term given by Allah is accomplished, it
cannot be put forward: if ye only knew."
5. He said: "O my Lord! I have
called to my People night and day:
6. "But my call only increases (their)
flight (from the Right).
7. "And every time I have called to them, that
Thou mightest forgive them, they have (only) thrust their fingers into their
ears, covered themselves up with their garments, grown obstinate, and given
themselves up to arrogance.
8. "So I have called to them aloud;
"Further I have spoken to them in public and secretly in private,
"Saying, 'Ask forgiveness from your Lord; for He is Oft-Forgiving;
"'He will send rain to you in abundance;
12. "'Give you increase in
wealth and sons; and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers (of flowing
13. "'What is the matter with you, that ye place not your hope
for kindness and long-suffering in Allah,-
14. "'Seeing that it is He
that has created you in diverse stages?
15. "'See ye not how Allah has
created the seven heavens one above another,
16. "'And made the moon a
light in their midst, and made the sun as a (Glorious) Lamp?
Allah has produced you from the earth growing (gradually),
18. "'And in
the End He will return you into the (earth), and raise you forth (again at the
19. "'And Allah has made the earth for you as a carpet
20. "'That ye may go about therein, in spacious roads.'"
21. Noah said: "O my Lord! They have disobeyed me, but they follow (men)
whose wealth and children give them no increase but only Loss.
they have devised a tremendous Plot.
23. "And they have said (to each
other), 'Abandon not your gods: Abandon neither Wadd nor Suwa', neither Yaguth
nor Ya'uq, nor Nasr';-
24. "They have already misled many; and grant Thou
no increase to the wrong- doers but in straying (from their mark)."
Because of their sins they were drowned (in the flood), and were made to enter
the Fire (of Punishment): and they found- in lieu of Allah. none to help them.
26. And Noah, said: "O my Lord! Leave not of the Unbelievers, a single one
27. "For, if Thou dost leave (any of) them, they will but
mislead Thy devotees, and they will breed none but wicked ungrateful ones.
28. "O my Lord! Forgive me, my parents, all who enter my house in Faith, and
(all) believing men and believing women: and to the wrong-doers grant Thou no
increase but in perdition!"
"Nuh" is the name of this Surah as well as the title of its subject matter,
for in it, from beginning to the end, the story of the Prophet Noah has been
Period of Revelation
This also is one of the earliest
Surahs to be revealed at Makkah, but the internal evidence of its subject matter
shows that it was sent down in the period when opposition to the Holy Prophet's
message of Islam by the disbelievers of Makkah had grown very strong and active.
Theme and Subject
In this surah the story of the Prophet Noah has not
been related only for the sake of story telling, but its object is to warn the
disbelievers of Makkah, so as to say:"You, O people of Makkah, are adopting
towards Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace and blessings) the same attitude as
the people of the Prophet Noah had adopted towards him; if you do not change
this attitude, you too would meet with the same end." This had not been said in
so many words anywhere in the Surah, but in the background of the conditions
under which this story was narrated to the people of Makkah, this subject itself
Vv. 2-4 briefly explain how he began his mission and what
Then after suffering hardships and troubles in the way of
preaching his mission for ages the report that he made to his Lord has been
given in vv. 5-20. In it he states how he had been trying to bring his people to
the right path and how his people had stubbornly opposed him.
the Prophet Noah's final submission has been recorded in vv. 21-24, in which he
prays to his Lord, saying: "These people have rejected my invitation: they are
blindly following their chiefs, who have devised a tremendous plot of deceit and
cunning. Time now has come when these people should be deprived of every grace
to accept guidance." This was not an expression of impatience by the Prophet
Noah, but when after having preached his message under extremely trying
circumstances for centuries be became utterly disappointed with his people, he
formed the opinion that no chance whatever was left of their coming to the right
path. His this opinion fully conformed to Allah's own decision. Thus, in the
next verse (25), it has been said: "The torment of Allah descended on those
people because of their misdeeds."
In the concluding verse, the Prophet
Noah's supplication that he made to his Lord, right at the time the torment
descended, has been recorded. In it he prays for his own and for all the
believers' forgiveness, and makes a submission to Allah to the effect: "Do not
leave any of the disbelievers alive on the earth, for they have become utterly
devoid of every good: they will not beget any but disbelieving and wicked
While studying this Surah one should keep in view the
details of the Prophet Noah's story which have been given in the Qur'an above.
For this see Al-Araf: 59-64 Yunus: 71,73, Hud: 25-49, Al-Mu'minun: 23-31, Ash-
Shua'ra: 105-122, Al-Ankabut: 14,15, As-Saaffat: 75-82, Al-Qamar: 9-16.