Surah Al-Fajr (89) Transliteration

The Dawn

Recitation by Abdul Hadi Kanakeri

Not Supported


Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem 
  1. Wal-Fajr
  2. Wa layaalin 'ashr
  3. Wash shaf'i wal watr
  4. Wallaili izaa yasr
  5. Hal fee zaalika qasamul lizee hijr
  6. Alam tara kaifa fa'ala rabbuka bi'aad
  7. Iramaa zaatil 'imaad
  8. Allatee lam yukhlaq misluhaa fil bilaad
  9. Wa samoodal lazeena jaabus sakhra bil waad
  10. Wa fir'awna zil awtaad
  11. Allazeena taghaw fil bilaad
  12. Fa aksaroo feehal fasaad
  13. Fasabba 'alaihim Rabbuka sawta 'azaab
  14. Inna Rabbaka labil mirsaad
  15. Fa ammal insaanu izaa mab talaahu Rabbuhoo fa akramahoo wa na' 'amahoo fa yaqoolu Rabbeee akraman
  16. Wa ammaaa izaa mabtalaahu faqadara 'alaihi rizqahoo fa yaqoolu Rabbeee ahaanan
  17. Kalla bal laa tukrimooo nal yateem
  18. Wa laa tahaaaddoona 'alaata'aamil miskeen
  19. Wa taakuloonat turaasa aklal lammaa
  20. Wa tuhibboonal maala hubban jammaa
  21. Kallaaa izaaa dukkatil ardu dakkan dakka
  22. Wa jaaa'a Rabbuka wal malaku saffan saffaa
  23. Wa jeee'a yawma'izim bi jahannnam; Yawma 'iziny yatazakkarul insaanu wa annaa lahuz zikraa
  24. Yaqoolu yaa laitanee qaddamtu lihayaatee
  25. Fa Yawma izil laa yu'azzibu 'azaabahooo ahad
  26. Wa laa yoosiqu wasaaqa hooo ahad
  27. Yaaa ayyatuhan nafsul mutma 'innah
  28. Irji'eee ilaa Rabbiki raadiyatam mardiyyah
  29. Fadkhulee fee 'ibaadee
  30. Wadkhulee jannatee

English Translation


Abdullah Yusuf Ali Translation
  1. By the break of Day
  2. By the Nights twice five;
  3. By the even and odd (contrasted);
  4. And by the Night when it passeth away;
  5. Is there (not) in these an adjuration (or evidence) for those who understand?
  6. Seest thou not how thy Lord dealt with the 'Ad (people),
  7. Of the (city of) Iram, with lofty pillars,
  8. The like of which were not produced in (all) the land?
  9. And with the Thamud (people), who cut out (huge) rocks in the valley?
  10. And with Pharaoh, lord of stakes?
  11. (All) these transgressed beyond bounds in the lands,
  12. And heaped therein mischief (on mischief).
  13. Therefore did thy Lord pour on them a scourge of diverse chastisements:
  14. For thy Lord is (as a Guardian) on a watch-tower.
  15. Now, as for man, when his Lord trieth him, giving him honour and gifts, then saith he, (puffed up), "My Lord hath honoured me."
  16. But when He trieth him, restricting his subsistence for him, then saith he (in despair), "My Lord hath humiliated me!"
  17. Nay, nay! but ye honour not the orphans!
  18. Nor do ye encourage one another to feed the poor!
  19. And ye devour inheritance - all with greed,
  20. And ye love wealth with inordinate love!
  21. Nay! When the earth is pounded to powder,
  22. And thy Lord cometh, and His angels, rank upon rank,
  23. And Hell, that Day, is brought (face to face),- on that Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance profit him?
  24. He will say: "Ah! Would that I had sent forth (good deeds) for (this) my (Future) Life!"
  25. For, that Day, His Chastisement will be such as none (else) can inflict,
  26. And His bonds will be such as none (other) can bind.
  27. (To the righteous soul will be said:) "O (thou) soul, in (complete) rest and satisfaction!
  28. "Come back thou to thy Lord,- well pleased (thyself), and well-pleasing unto Him!
  29. "Enter thou, then, among My devotees!
  30. "Yea, enter thou My Heaven!

Arabic

بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

1. وَٱلْفَجْرِ
2. وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ
3. وَٱلشَّفْعِ وَٱلْوَتْرِ
4. وَٱلَّيْلِ إِذَا يَسْرِ
5. هَلْ فِى ذَٰلِكَ قَسَمٌ لِّذِى حِجْرٍ
6. أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِعَادٍ
7. إِرَمَ ذَاتِ ٱلْعِمَادِ
8. ٱلَّتِى لَمْ يُخْلَقْ مِثْلُهَا فِى ٱلْبِلَٰدِ
9. وَثَمُودَ ٱلَّذِينَ جَابُوا۟ ٱلصَّخْرَ بِٱلْوَادِ
10. وَفِرْعَوْنَ ذِى ٱلْأَوْتَادِ
11. ٱلَّذِينَ طَغَوْا۟ فِى ٱلْبِلَٰدِ
12. فَأَكْثَرُوا۟ فِيهَا ٱلْفَسَادَ
13. فَصَبَّ عَلَيْهِمْ رَبُّكَ سَوْطَ عَذَابٍ
14. إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَبِٱلْمِرْصَادِ
15. فَأَمَّا ٱلْإِنسَٰنُ إِذَا مَا ٱبْتَلَىٰهُ رَبُّهُۥ فَأَكْرَمَهُۥ وَنَعَّمَهُۥ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّىٓ أَكْرَمَنِ
16. وَأَمَّآ إِذَا مَا ٱبْتَلَىٰهُ فَقَدَرَ عَلَيْهِ رِزْقَهُۥ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّىٓ أَهَٰنَنِ
17. كَلَّا ۖ بَل لَّا تُكْرِمُونَ ٱلْيَتِيمَ
18. وَلَا تَحَٰٓضُّونَ عَلَىٰ طَعَامِ ٱلْمِسْكِينِ
19. وَتَأْكُلُونَ ٱلتُّرَاثَ أَكْلًا لَّمًّا
20. وَتُحِبُّونَ ٱلْمَالَ حُبًّا جَمًّا
21. كَلَّآ إِذَا دُكَّتِ ٱلْأَرْضُ دَكًّا دَكًّا
22. وَجَآءَ رَبُّكَ وَٱلْمَلَكُ صَفًّا صَفًّا
23. وَجِا۟ىٓءَ يَوْمَئِذٍۭ بِجَهَنَّمَ ۚ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَتَذَكَّرُ ٱلْإِنسَٰنُ وَأَنَّىٰ لَهُ ٱلذِّكْرَىٰ
24. يَقُولُ يَٰلَيْتَنِى قَدَّمْتُ لِحَيَاتِى
25. فَيَوْمَئِذٍ لَّا يُعَذِّبُ عَذَابَهُۥٓ أَحَدٌ
26. وَلَا يُوثِقُ وَثَاقَهُۥٓ أَحَدٌ
27. يَٰٓأَيَّتُهَا ٱلنَّفْسُ ٱلْمُطْمَئِنَّةُ
28. ٱرْجِعِىٓ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكِ رَاضِيَةً مَّرْضِيَّةً
29. فَٱدْخُلِى فِى عِبَٰدِى
30. وَٱدْخُلِى جَنَّتِى

English Audio

Arabic & English Audio

Tafseer


By Abul A'la Maududi

The Surah is so designated after the word wal-fajr with which it opens.

Period of Revelation

Its contents show that it was revealed at the stage when persecution of the new converts to Islam had begun in Makkah. On that very basis the people of Makkah have been warned of the evil end of the tribes of Ad and Thamud and of Pharaoh.
Theme and Subject Matter

Its theme is to affirm the meting out of rewards and punishments in the Hereafter, which the people of Makkah were not prepared to acknowledge, Let us consider the reasoning in the order in which it has been presented.

First of all, swearing oaths by the dawn, the ten nights, the even and the odd, and the departing night, the listeners have been asked: "Are these things not enough to testify to the truth of that which you are refusing to acknowledge?" From the explanation that we have given of these four things in the corresponding notes, it will become clear that these things are a symbol of the regularity that exists in the night and day, and swearing oaths by these the question has been asked in the sense: Even after witnessing this wise system established by God, do you still need any other evidence to show that it is not beyond the power of that God Who has brought about this system to establish the Hereafter, and that it is the very requirement of his wisdom that He should call man to account for his deeds?

Then, reasoning from man's own history, the evil end of the Ad and the Thamud and Pharaoh has been cited as an example to show that when they transgressed all limits and multiplied corruption in the earth, Allah laid upon them the scourge of His chastisement. This is a proof of the fact that the system of the universe is not being run by deaf and blind forces, nor is the world a lawless kingdom of a corrupt ruler, but a Wise Ruler is ruling over it, the demand of Whose wisdom and justice is continuously visible in the world itself in man's own history that He should call to account, and reward and punish accordingly, the being whom He has blessed with reason and moral sense and given the right of appropriation in the world.

After this, an appraisal has been made of the general moral state of human society of which Arab paganism was a conspicuous example; two aspects of it in particular, have been criticized: first the materialistic attitude of the people on account of which overlooking the moral good and evil, they regarded only the achievement of worldly wealth, rank and position, or the absence of it, as the criterion of honor or disgrace, and had forgotten that neither riches was a reward nor poverty a punishment, but that Allah is trying man in both conditions to see what attitude he adopts when blessed with wealth and how he behaves when afflicted by poverty. Second, the people's attitude under which the orphan child in their society was left destitute on the death of the father. Nobody asked after the poor; whoever could, usurped the whole heritage left by the deceased parent, and drove away the weak heirs fraudulently. The people were so afflicted with an insatiable greed for wealth that they were never satisfied however much they might hoard and amass. This criticism is meant to make them realize as to why the people with such an attitude and conduct in the life of the world should not be called to account for their misdeeds.

The discourse has been concluded with the assertion that accountability shall certainly be held and it will be held on the Day when the Divine Court will be established. At that time the deniers of the judgment will understand that which they are not understanding now in spite of instruction and admonition, but understanding then will be of no avail. The denier will regret and say, "Would that I had provided for this Day beforehand while I lived in the world." But his regrets will not save him from Allah's punishment. However, as for the people who would have accepted the Truth, which the heavenly books and the Prophets of God were presenting, with full satisfaction of the heart in the world, Allah will be pleased with them and they will be well pleased with the rewards bestowed by Allah. They will be called upon to join the righteous and enter Paradise.

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